Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Prevalence of low bone mass in postmenopausal Kuwaiti women residents in the largest province of Kuwait.
Arch Osteoporos. 2012; 7:147-53.AO

Abstract

We measured bone mineral density (BMD) in Kuwaiti women residents in the largest province of Kuwait state to highlight the BMD changes with each age, in particular when they reach the postmenopausal stage. Healthy Kuwaiti females between the ages of 10 and 89 years, who were residents in the largest province of Kuwait, were included in the study. After measurements of their height and weight, their bone mineral density of L2-L4 lumbar spine and femur (neck and total) was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Out of the studied 903 female subjects, 811 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Their mean ± SEM age and body mass index (BMI) were respectively 47 ± 1 years and 30.8 ± 0.2 kg/m(2). Out of these 811 subjects, 454 were postmenopausal, and their age and BMI were 55.0 ± 0.3 years and 32.0 ± 0.3 kg/m(2), respectively. We have demonstrated that osteoporotic BMD of the spine and femur neck occurred in 20.2 and 12.5 % of postmenopausal Kuwaiti females, whereas osteopenic BMD of the spine and femur neck was observed at a frequency of 35.4 and 42.8 % of women, respectively. When the subjects were subdivided as per BMI, it was notable that overweight and obese had significantly higher BMD than normal weight postmenopausal women. BMD of the spine, femur neck, and femur total demonstrated significant positive correlations with body weight and BMI, whereas they demonstrated significant negative correlations with age. Low BMD of the femur neck and spine, reflected by the combination of osteopenia and osteoporosis, seemed to occur in more than half (55.3-55.6 %) of postmenopausal Kuwaiti women.

OBJECTIVES

Most of the studies on assessment of prevalence of low bone mass were focused in Caucasian population. Data on subjects of the Mediterranean area are limited. We measured bone mineral density (BMD) in Kuwaiti women residents in the largest province of Kuwait state to highlight the BMD changes with each age, in particular when they reach the postmenopausal stage.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

Kuwaiti female subjects of different age groups between 10 and 89 years, who were residents in the largest province of Kuwait (Hawalli), were included in the study. They were included if they had been healthy over the last 12 months, had no past history of bone disease, and are not taking any prescription medication that may affect bone density. Their bone mineral density of L2-L4 lumbar spine and femur (neck and total) was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.

RESULTS

Out of the studied 903 female subjects, 811 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included in the study. Their mean ± SEM age and body mass index (BMI) were respectively 47 ± 1 years and 30.8 ± 0.2 kg/m(2). Out of these 811 subjects, 454 were postmenopausal, and their age and BMI were 55.0 ± 0.3 years and 32.0 ± 0.3 kg/m(2), respectively. We have demonstrated that osteoporotic BMD of the spine and femur neck occurred in 20.2 and 12.5 % of postmenopausal Kuwaiti females, respectively, whereas osteopenic BMD of the spine and femur neck was observed at a frequency of 35.4 and 42.8 % of women. When subjects were subdivided as per BMI, it was notable that overweight and obese postmenopausal women had significantly higher BMD of lumbar spine, femur neck, and femur total than normal weight postmenopausal women. Bone mineral densities of the spine, femur neck, and femur total demonstrated significant positive correlations with body weight and BMI, whereas they demonstrated significant negative correlations with age.

CONCLUSION

Low BMD of the femur neck and spine, reflected by the combination of osteopenia and osteoporosis, seemed to occur in more than half (55.3-55.6 %) of postmenopausal Kuwaiti women residents at the largest province of Kuwait.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Endocrinology & Metabolic Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 24923, 13110 Safat, Kuwait. kshoumer@hsc.edu.kwNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23225292

Citation

Al-Shoumer, Kamal A S., and Vasanthy Nair. "Prevalence of Low Bone Mass in Postmenopausal Kuwaiti Women Residents in the Largest Province of Kuwait." Archives of Osteoporosis, vol. 7, 2012, pp. 147-53.
Al-Shoumer KA, Nair V. Prevalence of low bone mass in postmenopausal Kuwaiti women residents in the largest province of Kuwait. Arch Osteoporos. 2012;7:147-53.
Al-Shoumer, K. A., & Nair, V. (2012). Prevalence of low bone mass in postmenopausal Kuwaiti women residents in the largest province of Kuwait. Archives of Osteoporosis, 7, 147-53. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11657-012-0092-1
Al-Shoumer KA, Nair V. Prevalence of Low Bone Mass in Postmenopausal Kuwaiti Women Residents in the Largest Province of Kuwait. Arch Osteoporos. 2012;7:147-53. PubMed PMID: 23225292.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of low bone mass in postmenopausal Kuwaiti women residents in the largest province of Kuwait. AU - Al-Shoumer,Kamal A S, AU - Nair,Vasanthy, Y1 - 2012/09/01/ PY - 2012/03/12/received PY - 2012/07/11/accepted PY - 2012/12/11/entrez PY - 2012/12/12/pubmed PY - 2013/7/24/medline SP - 147 EP - 53 JF - Archives of osteoporosis JO - Arch Osteoporos VL - 7 N2 - UNLABELLED: We measured bone mineral density (BMD) in Kuwaiti women residents in the largest province of Kuwait state to highlight the BMD changes with each age, in particular when they reach the postmenopausal stage. Healthy Kuwaiti females between the ages of 10 and 89 years, who were residents in the largest province of Kuwait, were included in the study. After measurements of their height and weight, their bone mineral density of L2-L4 lumbar spine and femur (neck and total) was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Out of the studied 903 female subjects, 811 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Their mean ± SEM age and body mass index (BMI) were respectively 47 ± 1 years and 30.8 ± 0.2 kg/m(2). Out of these 811 subjects, 454 were postmenopausal, and their age and BMI were 55.0 ± 0.3 years and 32.0 ± 0.3 kg/m(2), respectively. We have demonstrated that osteoporotic BMD of the spine and femur neck occurred in 20.2 and 12.5 % of postmenopausal Kuwaiti females, whereas osteopenic BMD of the spine and femur neck was observed at a frequency of 35.4 and 42.8 % of women, respectively. When the subjects were subdivided as per BMI, it was notable that overweight and obese had significantly higher BMD than normal weight postmenopausal women. BMD of the spine, femur neck, and femur total demonstrated significant positive correlations with body weight and BMI, whereas they demonstrated significant negative correlations with age. Low BMD of the femur neck and spine, reflected by the combination of osteopenia and osteoporosis, seemed to occur in more than half (55.3-55.6 %) of postmenopausal Kuwaiti women. OBJECTIVES: Most of the studies on assessment of prevalence of low bone mass were focused in Caucasian population. Data on subjects of the Mediterranean area are limited. We measured bone mineral density (BMD) in Kuwaiti women residents in the largest province of Kuwait state to highlight the BMD changes with each age, in particular when they reach the postmenopausal stage. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Kuwaiti female subjects of different age groups between 10 and 89 years, who were residents in the largest province of Kuwait (Hawalli), were included in the study. They were included if they had been healthy over the last 12 months, had no past history of bone disease, and are not taking any prescription medication that may affect bone density. Their bone mineral density of L2-L4 lumbar spine and femur (neck and total) was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: Out of the studied 903 female subjects, 811 fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included in the study. Their mean ± SEM age and body mass index (BMI) were respectively 47 ± 1 years and 30.8 ± 0.2 kg/m(2). Out of these 811 subjects, 454 were postmenopausal, and their age and BMI were 55.0 ± 0.3 years and 32.0 ± 0.3 kg/m(2), respectively. We have demonstrated that osteoporotic BMD of the spine and femur neck occurred in 20.2 and 12.5 % of postmenopausal Kuwaiti females, respectively, whereas osteopenic BMD of the spine and femur neck was observed at a frequency of 35.4 and 42.8 % of women. When subjects were subdivided as per BMI, it was notable that overweight and obese postmenopausal women had significantly higher BMD of lumbar spine, femur neck, and femur total than normal weight postmenopausal women. Bone mineral densities of the spine, femur neck, and femur total demonstrated significant positive correlations with body weight and BMI, whereas they demonstrated significant negative correlations with age. CONCLUSION: Low BMD of the femur neck and spine, reflected by the combination of osteopenia and osteoporosis, seemed to occur in more than half (55.3-55.6 %) of postmenopausal Kuwaiti women residents at the largest province of Kuwait. SN - 1862-3514 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23225292/Prevalence_of_low_bone_mass_in_postmenopausal_Kuwaiti_women_residents_in_the_largest_province_of_Kuwait_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11657-012-0092-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -