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Haitian earthquake relief: disaster response aboard the USNS comfort.
Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2012 Dec; 6(4):370-7.DM

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The Haitian earthquake of January 12, 2010, was a disaster essentially unprecedented in the Western Hemisphere's recorded history. The USNS Comfort departed from Baltimore, Maryland, within 72 hours of the earthquake and arrived in Port-au-Prince harbor on January 19. During the subsequent 40 days, the ship provided one of the largest relief efforts in the US Navy's history.

METHODS

The data analyzed included all patients evaluated and treated by the USNS Comfort between January 19 and February 27, 2010. A medical chart with a unique identifier was created for each patient on admission. A patient database was created from these records and used for this analysis.

RESULTS

A total of 872 patients and 185 patient escorts were processed aboard the ship. Ages ranged from younger than 1 day to 89 years: 635 were adults and 237 were children. Of those admitted, 817 of the patients were admitted for longer than 24 hours; the average length of stay was 8.0 days. The need for surgery was substantial: 454 patients went to the operating room (OR) 843 times for 927 cumulative procedures. A total of 58 patients underwent amputations.

CONCLUSIONS

Haiti was almost completely reliant on foreign medical teams for trauma care. Analysis of the data illustrates the challenges of triage and treatment in a humanitarian mass-casualty response. The remarkable coordination and cooperation among the Haitian Ministry of Health, nongovernmental humanitarian aid organizations, and the US military highlighted the responders' respective capabilities and demonstrated the importance of collaboration in future disaster response efforts.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD 20817, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23241468

Citation

Walk, Ryan M., et al. "Haitian Earthquake Relief: Disaster Response Aboard the USNS Comfort." Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, vol. 6, no. 4, 2012, pp. 370-7.
Walk RM, Donahue TF, Stockinger Z, et al. Haitian earthquake relief: disaster response aboard the USNS comfort. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2012;6(4):370-7.
Walk, R. M., Donahue, T. F., Stockinger, Z., Knudson, M. M., Cubano, M., Sharpe, R. P., & Safford, S. D. (2012). Haitian earthquake relief: disaster response aboard the USNS comfort. Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness, 6(4), 370-7. https://doi.org/10.1001/dmp.2012.67
Walk RM, et al. Haitian Earthquake Relief: Disaster Response Aboard the USNS Comfort. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2012;6(4):370-7. PubMed PMID: 23241468.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Haitian earthquake relief: disaster response aboard the USNS comfort. AU - Walk,Ryan M, AU - Donahue,Timothy F, AU - Stockinger,Zsolt, AU - Knudson,M Margaret, AU - Cubano,Miguel, AU - Sharpe,Richard P, AU - Safford,Shawn D, PY - 2012/12/18/entrez PY - 2012/12/18/pubmed PY - 2013/4/30/medline SP - 370 EP - 7 JF - Disaster medicine and public health preparedness JO - Disaster Med Public Health Prep VL - 6 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The Haitian earthquake of January 12, 2010, was a disaster essentially unprecedented in the Western Hemisphere's recorded history. The USNS Comfort departed from Baltimore, Maryland, within 72 hours of the earthquake and arrived in Port-au-Prince harbor on January 19. During the subsequent 40 days, the ship provided one of the largest relief efforts in the US Navy's history. METHODS: The data analyzed included all patients evaluated and treated by the USNS Comfort between January 19 and February 27, 2010. A medical chart with a unique identifier was created for each patient on admission. A patient database was created from these records and used for this analysis. RESULTS: A total of 872 patients and 185 patient escorts were processed aboard the ship. Ages ranged from younger than 1 day to 89 years: 635 were adults and 237 were children. Of those admitted, 817 of the patients were admitted for longer than 24 hours; the average length of stay was 8.0 days. The need for surgery was substantial: 454 patients went to the operating room (OR) 843 times for 927 cumulative procedures. A total of 58 patients underwent amputations. CONCLUSIONS: Haiti was almost completely reliant on foreign medical teams for trauma care. Analysis of the data illustrates the challenges of triage and treatment in a humanitarian mass-casualty response. The remarkable coordination and cooperation among the Haitian Ministry of Health, nongovernmental humanitarian aid organizations, and the US military highlighted the responders' respective capabilities and demonstrated the importance of collaboration in future disaster response efforts. SN - 1938-744X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23241468/Haitian_earthquake_relief:_disaster_response_aboard_the_USNS_comfort_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/6/4/370/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -