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17DD and 17D-213/77 yellow fever substrains trigger a balanced cytokine profile in primary vaccinated children.
PLoS One. 2012; 7(12):e49828.Plos

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This study aimed to compare the cytokine-mediated immune response in children submitted to primary vaccination with the YF-17D-213/77 or YF-17DD yellow fever (YF) substrains.

METHODS

A non-probabilistic sample of eighty healthy primary vaccinated (PV) children was selected on the basis of their previously known humoral immune response to the YF vaccines. The selected children were categorized according to their YF-neutralizing antibody titers (PRNT) and referred to as seroconverters (PV-PRNT(+)) or nonseroconverters (PV-PRNT(-)). Following revaccination with the YF-17DD, the PV-PRNT(-) children (YF-17D-213/77 and YF-17DD groups) seroconverted and were referred as RV-PRNT(+). The cytokine-mediated immune response was investigated after short-term in vitro cultures of whole blood samples. The results are expressed as frequency of high cytokine producers, taking the global median of the cytokine index (YF-Ag/control) as the cut-off.

RESULTS

The YF-17D-213/77 and the YF-17DD substrains triggered a balanced overall inflammatory/regulatory cytokine pattern in PV-PRNT(+), with a slight predominance of IL-12 in YF-17DD vaccinees and a modest prevalence of IL-10 in YF-17D-213/77. Prominent frequency of neutrophil-derived TNF-α and neutrophils and monocyte-producing IL-12 were the major features of PV-PRNT(+) in the YF-17DD, whereas relevant inflammatory response, mediated by IL-12(+)CD8(+) T cells, was the hallmark of the YF-17D-213/77 vaccinees. Both substrains were able to elicit particular but relevant inflammatory events, regardless of the anti-YF PRNT antibody levels. PV-PRNT(-) children belonging to the YF-17DD arm presented gaps in the inflammatory cytokine signature, especially in terms of the innate immunity, whereas in the YF-17D-213/77 arm the most relevant gap was the deficiency of IL-12-producing CD8(+)T cells. Revaccination with YF-17DD prompted a balanced cytokine profile in YF-17DD nonresponders and a robust inflammatory profile in YF-17D-213/77 nonresponders.

CONCLUSION

Our findings demonstrated that, just like the YF-17DD reference vaccine, the YF-17D-213/77 seed lot induced a mixed pattern of inflammatory and regulatory cytokines, supporting its universal use for immunization.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratório de Biomarcadores de Diagnóstico e Monitoração, Centro de Pesquisas René Rachou, FIOCRUZ, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23251351

Citation

Campi-Azevedo, Ana Carolina, et al. "17DD and 17D-213/77 Yellow Fever Substrains Trigger a Balanced Cytokine Profile in Primary Vaccinated Children." PloS One, vol. 7, no. 12, 2012, pp. e49828.
Campi-Azevedo AC, de Araújo-Porto LP, Luiza-Silva M, et al. 17DD and 17D-213/77 yellow fever substrains trigger a balanced cytokine profile in primary vaccinated children. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e49828.
Campi-Azevedo, A. C., de Araújo-Porto, L. P., Luiza-Silva, M., Batista, M. A., Martins, M. A., Sathler-Avelar, R., da Silveira-Lemos, D., Camacho, L. A., de Menezes Martins, R., de Lourdes de Sousa Maia, M., Farias, R. H., da Silva Freire, M., Galler, R., Homma, A., Ribeiro, J. G., Lemos, J. A., Auxiliadora-Martins, M., Caldas, I. R., Elói-Santos, S. M., ... Martins-Filho, O. A. (2012). 17DD and 17D-213/77 yellow fever substrains trigger a balanced cytokine profile in primary vaccinated children. PloS One, 7(12), e49828. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049828
Campi-Azevedo AC, et al. 17DD and 17D-213/77 Yellow Fever Substrains Trigger a Balanced Cytokine Profile in Primary Vaccinated Children. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e49828. PubMed PMID: 23251351.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - 17DD and 17D-213/77 yellow fever substrains trigger a balanced cytokine profile in primary vaccinated children. AU - Campi-Azevedo,Ana Carolina, AU - de Araújo-Porto,Luiza Pacheco, AU - Luiza-Silva,Maria, AU - Batista,Maurício Azevedo, AU - Martins,Marina Angela, AU - Sathler-Avelar,Renato, AU - da Silveira-Lemos,Denise, AU - Camacho,Luiz Antonio Bastos, AU - de Menezes Martins,Reinaldo, AU - de Lourdes de Sousa Maia,Maria, AU - Farias,Roberto Henrique Guedes, AU - da Silva Freire,Marcos, AU - Galler,Ricardo, AU - Homma,Akira, AU - Ribeiro,José Geraldo Leite, AU - Lemos,Jandira Aparecida Campos, AU - Auxiliadora-Martins,Maria, AU - Caldas,Iramaya Rodrigues, AU - Elói-Santos,Silvana Maria, AU - Teixeira-Carvalho,Andréa, AU - Martins-Filho,Olindo Assis, Y1 - 2012/12/10/ PY - 2012/06/25/received PY - 2012/10/17/accepted PY - 2012/12/20/entrez PY - 2012/12/20/pubmed PY - 2013/6/5/medline SP - e49828 EP - e49828 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 7 IS - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the cytokine-mediated immune response in children submitted to primary vaccination with the YF-17D-213/77 or YF-17DD yellow fever (YF) substrains. METHODS: A non-probabilistic sample of eighty healthy primary vaccinated (PV) children was selected on the basis of their previously known humoral immune response to the YF vaccines. The selected children were categorized according to their YF-neutralizing antibody titers (PRNT) and referred to as seroconverters (PV-PRNT(+)) or nonseroconverters (PV-PRNT(-)). Following revaccination with the YF-17DD, the PV-PRNT(-) children (YF-17D-213/77 and YF-17DD groups) seroconverted and were referred as RV-PRNT(+). The cytokine-mediated immune response was investigated after short-term in vitro cultures of whole blood samples. The results are expressed as frequency of high cytokine producers, taking the global median of the cytokine index (YF-Ag/control) as the cut-off. RESULTS: The YF-17D-213/77 and the YF-17DD substrains triggered a balanced overall inflammatory/regulatory cytokine pattern in PV-PRNT(+), with a slight predominance of IL-12 in YF-17DD vaccinees and a modest prevalence of IL-10 in YF-17D-213/77. Prominent frequency of neutrophil-derived TNF-α and neutrophils and monocyte-producing IL-12 were the major features of PV-PRNT(+) in the YF-17DD, whereas relevant inflammatory response, mediated by IL-12(+)CD8(+) T cells, was the hallmark of the YF-17D-213/77 vaccinees. Both substrains were able to elicit particular but relevant inflammatory events, regardless of the anti-YF PRNT antibody levels. PV-PRNT(-) children belonging to the YF-17DD arm presented gaps in the inflammatory cytokine signature, especially in terms of the innate immunity, whereas in the YF-17D-213/77 arm the most relevant gap was the deficiency of IL-12-producing CD8(+)T cells. Revaccination with YF-17DD prompted a balanced cytokine profile in YF-17DD nonresponders and a robust inflammatory profile in YF-17D-213/77 nonresponders. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrated that, just like the YF-17DD reference vaccine, the YF-17D-213/77 seed lot induced a mixed pattern of inflammatory and regulatory cytokines, supporting its universal use for immunization. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23251351/17DD_and_17D_213/77_yellow_fever_substrains_trigger_a_balanced_cytokine_profile_in_primary_vaccinated_children_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0049828 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -