Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Epidemiologic evidence of health effects from long-distance transit of chemical weapons fallout from bombing early in the 1991 Persian Gulf War.
Neuroepidemiology. 2013; 40(3):178-89.N

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Military intelligence data published in a companion paper explain how chemical fallout from US and Coalition bombing of Iraqi chemical weapons facilities early in the air campaign transited long distance, triggering nerve agent alarms and exposing US troops. We report the findings of a population-based survey designed to test competing hypotheses on the impact on chronic Gulf War illness of nerve agent from early-war bombing versus post-war demolition.

METHODS

The US Military Health Survey performed computer-assisted telephone interviews of a stratified random sample of Gulf War-era veterans (n = 8,020). Early-war exposure was measured by having heard nerve agent alarms and post-war exposure, by the computer-generated plume from the Khamisiyah demolition. Gulf War illness was measured by two widely published case definitions.

RESULTS

The OR (95% CI) for the association of alarms with the Factor case definition was 4.13 (95% CI 2.51-6.80) compared with 1.21 (95% CI 0.86-1.69) for the Khamisiyah plume. There was a dose-related trend for the number of alarms (p(trend) < 0.001) but not for the number of days in the Khamisiyah plume (p(trend) = 0.17).

CONCLUSIONS

Exposure to low-level sarin nerve agent in fallout from bombing early in the air campaign contributed more to chronic illness than post-war demolition.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-8874, USA. Robert.Haley@UTSouthwestern.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23258108

Citation

Haley, Robert W., and James J. Tuite. "Epidemiologic Evidence of Health Effects From Long-distance Transit of Chemical Weapons Fallout From Bombing Early in the 1991 Persian Gulf War." Neuroepidemiology, vol. 40, no. 3, 2013, pp. 178-89.
Haley RW, Tuite JJ. Epidemiologic evidence of health effects from long-distance transit of chemical weapons fallout from bombing early in the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Neuroepidemiology. 2013;40(3):178-89.
Haley, R. W., & Tuite, J. J. (2013). Epidemiologic evidence of health effects from long-distance transit of chemical weapons fallout from bombing early in the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Neuroepidemiology, 40(3), 178-89. https://doi.org/10.1159/000345124
Haley RW, Tuite JJ. Epidemiologic Evidence of Health Effects From Long-distance Transit of Chemical Weapons Fallout From Bombing Early in the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Neuroepidemiology. 2013;40(3):178-89. PubMed PMID: 23258108.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiologic evidence of health effects from long-distance transit of chemical weapons fallout from bombing early in the 1991 Persian Gulf War. AU - Haley,Robert W, AU - Tuite,James J, Y1 - 2012/12/14/ PY - 2012/10/03/received PY - 2012/10/03/accepted PY - 2012/12/22/entrez PY - 2012/12/22/pubmed PY - 2014/1/17/medline SP - 178 EP - 89 JF - Neuroepidemiology JO - Neuroepidemiology VL - 40 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Military intelligence data published in a companion paper explain how chemical fallout from US and Coalition bombing of Iraqi chemical weapons facilities early in the air campaign transited long distance, triggering nerve agent alarms and exposing US troops. We report the findings of a population-based survey designed to test competing hypotheses on the impact on chronic Gulf War illness of nerve agent from early-war bombing versus post-war demolition. METHODS: The US Military Health Survey performed computer-assisted telephone interviews of a stratified random sample of Gulf War-era veterans (n = 8,020). Early-war exposure was measured by having heard nerve agent alarms and post-war exposure, by the computer-generated plume from the Khamisiyah demolition. Gulf War illness was measured by two widely published case definitions. RESULTS: The OR (95% CI) for the association of alarms with the Factor case definition was 4.13 (95% CI 2.51-6.80) compared with 1.21 (95% CI 0.86-1.69) for the Khamisiyah plume. There was a dose-related trend for the number of alarms (p(trend) < 0.001) but not for the number of days in the Khamisiyah plume (p(trend) = 0.17). CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to low-level sarin nerve agent in fallout from bombing early in the air campaign contributed more to chronic illness than post-war demolition. SN - 1423-0208 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23258108/Epidemiologic_evidence_of_health_effects_from_long_distance_transit_of_chemical_weapons_fallout_from_bombing_early_in_the_1991_Persian_Gulf_War_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000345124 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -