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Consumption patterns of sugar-sweetened beverages in the United States.
J Acad Nutr Diet 2013; 113(1):43-53JA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Few previous studies have investigated consumption distributions of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) over time and individual-level associations despite recent interest in SSBs regarding obesity control.

OBJECTIVE

To assess consumption patterns and individual-level associations.

DESIGN

Trend and cross-sectional analyses of 24-hour dietary recall data and demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status (SES) drawn from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2000, 2001-2002, 2003-2004, 2005-2006, and 2007-2008) data.

PARTICIPANTS/SETTING

Children (aged 2 to 11 years, n=8,627), adolescents (aged 12 to 19 years, n=8,922), young adults (aged 20 to 34 years, n=5,933), and middle-aged and elder adults (aged ≥35 years, n=16,456).

STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED

Age-stratified regression analyses for SSBs overall and by subtypes.

RESULTS

The prevalence of heavy total SSB consumption (≥500 kcal/day) increased among children (4% to 5%) although it decreased among adolescents (22% to 16%) and young adults (29% to 20%). Soda was the most heavily consumed SSB in all age groups except for children. Prevalence of soda consumption decreased, whereas heavy sports/energy drink consumption tripled (4% to 12%) among adolescents. Black children and adolescents showed higher odds of heavy fruit drink consumption (odds ratios 1.71 and 1.67) than whites. Low-income children had a higher odds of heavy total SSB consumption (odds ratio 1.93) and higher energy intake from total SSBs and fruit drinks (by 23 and 27 kcal/day) than high-income children. Adolescents with low- vs high-educated parents had higher odds of heavy total SSB consumption (odds ratio 1.28) and higher energy intake from total SSBs and soda (by 27 and 21 kcal/day). Low vs high SES was associated with a higher odds of heavy consumption of total SSBs, soda, and fruit drinks among adults.

CONCLUSIONS

Prevalence of soda consumption fell, but consumption of nontraditional SSBs rose. Heterogeneity of heavy consumption by SSB types across racial/ethnic subpopulations and higher odds of heavy SSB consumption among low-SES populations should be considered in targeting policies to encourage healthful beverage consumption.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Pharmacy and Gachon Institue of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Gachon University, Inchon, South Korea. eahan@gachon.ac.krNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23260723

Citation

Han, Euna, and Lisa M. Powell. "Consumption Patterns of Sugar-sweetened Beverages in the United States." Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 113, no. 1, 2013, pp. 43-53.
Han E, Powell LM. Consumption patterns of sugar-sweetened beverages in the United States. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013;113(1):43-53.
Han, E., & Powell, L. M. (2013). Consumption patterns of sugar-sweetened beverages in the United States. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 113(1), pp. 43-53. doi:10.1016/j.jand.2012.09.016.
Han E, Powell LM. Consumption Patterns of Sugar-sweetened Beverages in the United States. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013;113(1):43-53. PubMed PMID: 23260723.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Consumption patterns of sugar-sweetened beverages in the United States. AU - Han,Euna, AU - Powell,Lisa M, PY - 2011/12/30/received PY - 2012/09/17/accepted PY - 2012/12/25/entrez PY - 2012/12/25/pubmed PY - 2013/2/13/medline SP - 43 EP - 53 JF - Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics JO - J Acad Nutr Diet VL - 113 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Few previous studies have investigated consumption distributions of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) over time and individual-level associations despite recent interest in SSBs regarding obesity control. OBJECTIVE: To assess consumption patterns and individual-level associations. DESIGN: Trend and cross-sectional analyses of 24-hour dietary recall data and demographic characteristics and socioeconomic status (SES) drawn from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2000, 2001-2002, 2003-2004, 2005-2006, and 2007-2008) data. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Children (aged 2 to 11 years, n=8,627), adolescents (aged 12 to 19 years, n=8,922), young adults (aged 20 to 34 years, n=5,933), and middle-aged and elder adults (aged ≥35 years, n=16,456). STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Age-stratified regression analyses for SSBs overall and by subtypes. RESULTS: The prevalence of heavy total SSB consumption (≥500 kcal/day) increased among children (4% to 5%) although it decreased among adolescents (22% to 16%) and young adults (29% to 20%). Soda was the most heavily consumed SSB in all age groups except for children. Prevalence of soda consumption decreased, whereas heavy sports/energy drink consumption tripled (4% to 12%) among adolescents. Black children and adolescents showed higher odds of heavy fruit drink consumption (odds ratios 1.71 and 1.67) than whites. Low-income children had a higher odds of heavy total SSB consumption (odds ratio 1.93) and higher energy intake from total SSBs and fruit drinks (by 23 and 27 kcal/day) than high-income children. Adolescents with low- vs high-educated parents had higher odds of heavy total SSB consumption (odds ratio 1.28) and higher energy intake from total SSBs and soda (by 27 and 21 kcal/day). Low vs high SES was associated with a higher odds of heavy consumption of total SSBs, soda, and fruit drinks among adults. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of soda consumption fell, but consumption of nontraditional SSBs rose. Heterogeneity of heavy consumption by SSB types across racial/ethnic subpopulations and higher odds of heavy SSB consumption among low-SES populations should be considered in targeting policies to encourage healthful beverage consumption. SN - 2212-2672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23260723/Consumption_patterns_of_sugar_sweetened_beverages_in_the_United_States_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2212-2672(12)01643-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -