Reducing water sensitivity of alginate bio-nanocomposite film using cellulose nanoparticles.Int J Biol Macromol. 2013 Mar; 54:166-73.IJ
A bio-based nanocomposite was developed by incorporation of cellulose nanoparticles (CN) obtained from sulfuric acid hydrolysis into alginate biopolymer using solution casting method. The effect of CN loading content (1, 3, 5 and 10 wt%) on microstructural, physical, mechanical and optical properties of the nanocomposites were characterized. The results showed that water solubility and water vapor permeability of the nanocomposites decreased by about 40% and 17%, respectively, upon increasing the CN content to 10%. In addition, the crystalline structure of the CN increased surface hydrophobicity of the alginate film by about 98%. The tensile strength value of the composite films increased from 18.03 to 22.4 MPa with increasing NC content from 0 to 5%; but, it decreased with further increase of the filler content. Nevertheless, film transparency decreased with CN incorporation, especially in high level (10%), which suggested the occurrence of partial agglomeration of the fillers at 10% that coincided with microstructural and mechanical results.