Relationship between exhaled leukotriene and 8-isoprostane levels and asthma severity, asthma control level, and asthma control test score.Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2014 May-Jun; 42(3):191-7.AI
Exhaled breath condensate (EBC) is a completely non-invasive method for the collection of airway secretions to measure intense inflammation in the airways of asthmatics. It has been shown that the childhood asthma control test (c-ACT) is a good tool for use in the evaluation of asthmatics. Whether the c-ACT score and asthma control level correlate with the airway inflammation is not well known. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between exhaled cysteinyl leukotrienes (Cys-LTs) and 8-isoprostane levels and asthma severity, asthma control level and c-ACT score in asthmatic children.
Thirty asthmatic children were evaluated with c-ACT score and pulmonary function tests. Asthma severity and asthma control level were assessed according to GINA. EBC was collected and Cys-LTs and 8-isoprostane concentrations were determined using a specific immunoassay kit.
Exhaled 8-isoprostane level in patients with moderate persistent asthma [114 (55-146)pg/ml] was higher than in the mild persistent group [52 (21-91)pg/ml] (p=0.05, Mann-Whitney U [MWU]). EBC 8-isoprostane in children with 1-4 asthma exacerbations/year [52 (16-80)pg/ml] was significantly lower than in children with >4 asthma exacerbations/year [114 (57-129)pg/ml] (p<0.05, MWU). No significant relation was determined between exhaled 8-isoprostane and Cys-LTs levels and c-ACT score and asthma control level. Exhaled 8-isoprostane correlated negatively with bronchodilator response (p=0.015, r=-0.45).
Exhaled 8-isoprostane, as an oxidative stress specifier, was found to be increased in relation with asthma exacerbation frequency and oxidative stress increases with the severity of asthma. In contrast to asthma severity level, c-ACT score and asthma control level may not reflect airway inflammation.