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Changes in dietary intake and food sources of saturated and cis and trans unsaturated fatty acids in Costa Rican adolescents: 1996 versus 2006.
Nutrition 2013; 29(4):641-5N

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To identify how dietary intake and food sources of saturated (SFA) and cis (PUFA) and trans (TFA) unsaturated fatty acids in the diet of Costa Rican adolescents changed from 1996 to 2006--a period with several public health nutrition changes.

METHODS

Cross-sectional comparisons used data from measured food records of 133 adolescents (ages 12-17 y) surveyed in 1996 and a similar group of adolescents surveyed in 2006. Values obtained in 1996 and 2006 were compared with the current World Health Organization guidelines for chronic disease prevention.

RESULTS

Adolescents surveyed in 2006 reported a significantly higher mean daily energy intake from linoleic acid (LA) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) (0.9% and 7.8%, respectively) compared with the 1996 cohort, whereas SFA and TFA were significantly lower (9.5% and 1.3%, respectively). Food sources of fat also changed. In 2006, 2% of SFA in the diet came from palm shortening (compared with 34% in 1996); 39% of TFA came from ruminant-derived foods (in 1996, soybean oil was the main contributor of TFA, 34%), and bakery products (mainly pre-packaged cookies) provided 25% of the source of TFA, compared with only 11% in 1996. Dietary fatty intake of Costa Rican adolescents in 2006 is closer to WHO guidelines compared with 1996.

CONCLUSIONS

After public health initiatives that changed fatty acid profile of most foods, intakes of TFA, SFA, and food sources of fatty acids in adolescents' diets improved. Public health nutrition efforts should continue to strengthen diets that are low in SFA and TFA and higher in ALA content among Costa Rican adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition and Health Unit, Costa Rican Institute for Research and Education on Nutrition and Health (INCIENSA), Ministry of Health, Tres Ríos, Costa Rica. rmonge@inciensa.sa.crNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23298971

Citation

Monge-Rojas, Rafael, et al. "Changes in Dietary Intake and Food Sources of Saturated and Cis and Trans Unsaturated Fatty Acids in Costa Rican Adolescents: 1996 Versus 2006." Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), vol. 29, no. 4, 2013, pp. 641-5.
Monge-Rojas R, Aragón MC, Chinnock A, et al. Changes in dietary intake and food sources of saturated and cis and trans unsaturated fatty acids in Costa Rican adolescents: 1996 versus 2006. Nutrition. 2013;29(4):641-5.
Monge-Rojas, R., Aragón, M. C., Chinnock, A., Campos, H., & Colón-Ramos, U. (2013). Changes in dietary intake and food sources of saturated and cis and trans unsaturated fatty acids in Costa Rican adolescents: 1996 versus 2006. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 29(4), pp. 641-5. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2012.10.004.
Monge-Rojas R, et al. Changes in Dietary Intake and Food Sources of Saturated and Cis and Trans Unsaturated Fatty Acids in Costa Rican Adolescents: 1996 Versus 2006. Nutrition. 2013;29(4):641-5. PubMed PMID: 23298971.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Changes in dietary intake and food sources of saturated and cis and trans unsaturated fatty acids in Costa Rican adolescents: 1996 versus 2006. AU - Monge-Rojas,Rafael, AU - Aragón,M Catalina, AU - Chinnock,Anne, AU - Campos,Hannia, AU - Colón-Ramos,Uriyoán, Y1 - 2013/01/05/ PY - 2012/05/15/received PY - 2012/08/13/revised PY - 2012/10/09/accepted PY - 2013/1/10/entrez PY - 2013/1/10/pubmed PY - 2013/9/5/medline SP - 641 EP - 5 JF - Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) JO - Nutrition VL - 29 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To identify how dietary intake and food sources of saturated (SFA) and cis (PUFA) and trans (TFA) unsaturated fatty acids in the diet of Costa Rican adolescents changed from 1996 to 2006--a period with several public health nutrition changes. METHODS: Cross-sectional comparisons used data from measured food records of 133 adolescents (ages 12-17 y) surveyed in 1996 and a similar group of adolescents surveyed in 2006. Values obtained in 1996 and 2006 were compared with the current World Health Organization guidelines for chronic disease prevention. RESULTS: Adolescents surveyed in 2006 reported a significantly higher mean daily energy intake from linoleic acid (LA) and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) (0.9% and 7.8%, respectively) compared with the 1996 cohort, whereas SFA and TFA were significantly lower (9.5% and 1.3%, respectively). Food sources of fat also changed. In 2006, 2% of SFA in the diet came from palm shortening (compared with 34% in 1996); 39% of TFA came from ruminant-derived foods (in 1996, soybean oil was the main contributor of TFA, 34%), and bakery products (mainly pre-packaged cookies) provided 25% of the source of TFA, compared with only 11% in 1996. Dietary fatty intake of Costa Rican adolescents in 2006 is closer to WHO guidelines compared with 1996. CONCLUSIONS: After public health initiatives that changed fatty acid profile of most foods, intakes of TFA, SFA, and food sources of fatty acids in adolescents' diets improved. Public health nutrition efforts should continue to strengthen diets that are low in SFA and TFA and higher in ALA content among Costa Rican adolescents. SN - 1873-1244 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23298971/Changes_in_dietary_intake_and_food_sources_of_saturated_and_cis_and_trans_unsaturated_fatty_acids_in_Costa_Rican_adolescents:_1996_versus_2006_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0899-9007(12)00402-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -