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Oceanographic controls on the diversity and extinction of planktonic foraminifera.
Nature. 2013 Jan 17; 493(7432):398-401.Nat

Abstract

Understanding the links between long-term biological evolution, the ocean-atmosphere system and plate tectonics is a central goal of Earth science. Although environmental perturbations of many different kinds are known to have affected long-term biological evolution, particularly during major mass extinction events, the relative importance of physical environmental factors versus biological interactions in governing rates of extinction and origination through geological time remains unknown. Here we use macrostratigraphic data from the Atlantic Ocean basin to show that changes in global species diversity and rates of extinction among planktonic foraminifera have been linked to tectonically and climatically forced changes in ocean circulation and chemistry from the Jurassic period to the present. Transient environmental perturbations, such as those that occurred after the asteroid impact at the end of the Cretaceous period approximately 66 million years ago, and the Eocene/Oligocene greenhouse-icehouse transition approximately 34 million years ago, are superimposed on this general long-term relationship. Rates of species origination, by contrast, are not correlated with corresponding macrostratigraphic quantities, indicating that physiochemical changes in the ocean-atmosphere system affect evolution principally by driving the synchronous extinction of lineages that originated owing to more protracted and complex interactions between biological and environmental factors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Geoscience, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA. peters@geology.wisc.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23302802

Citation

Peters, Shanan E., et al. "Oceanographic Controls On the Diversity and Extinction of Planktonic Foraminifera." Nature, vol. 493, no. 7432, 2013, pp. 398-401.
Peters SE, Kelly DC, Fraass AJ. Oceanographic controls on the diversity and extinction of planktonic foraminifera. Nature. 2013;493(7432):398-401.
Peters, S. E., Kelly, D. C., & Fraass, A. J. (2013). Oceanographic controls on the diversity and extinction of planktonic foraminifera. Nature, 493(7432), 398-401. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11815
Peters SE, Kelly DC, Fraass AJ. Oceanographic Controls On the Diversity and Extinction of Planktonic Foraminifera. Nature. 2013 Jan 17;493(7432):398-401. PubMed PMID: 23302802.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Oceanographic controls on the diversity and extinction of planktonic foraminifera. AU - Peters,Shanan E, AU - Kelly,Daniel C, AU - Fraass,Andrew J, Y1 - 2013/01/09/ PY - 2012/08/17/received PY - 2012/11/29/accepted PY - 2013/1/11/entrez PY - 2013/1/11/pubmed PY - 2013/3/5/medline SP - 398 EP - 401 JF - Nature JO - Nature VL - 493 IS - 7432 N2 - Understanding the links between long-term biological evolution, the ocean-atmosphere system and plate tectonics is a central goal of Earth science. Although environmental perturbations of many different kinds are known to have affected long-term biological evolution, particularly during major mass extinction events, the relative importance of physical environmental factors versus biological interactions in governing rates of extinction and origination through geological time remains unknown. Here we use macrostratigraphic data from the Atlantic Ocean basin to show that changes in global species diversity and rates of extinction among planktonic foraminifera have been linked to tectonically and climatically forced changes in ocean circulation and chemistry from the Jurassic period to the present. Transient environmental perturbations, such as those that occurred after the asteroid impact at the end of the Cretaceous period approximately 66 million years ago, and the Eocene/Oligocene greenhouse-icehouse transition approximately 34 million years ago, are superimposed on this general long-term relationship. Rates of species origination, by contrast, are not correlated with corresponding macrostratigraphic quantities, indicating that physiochemical changes in the ocean-atmosphere system affect evolution principally by driving the synchronous extinction of lineages that originated owing to more protracted and complex interactions between biological and environmental factors. SN - 1476-4687 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23302802/Oceanographic_controls_on_the_diversity_and_extinction_of_planktonic_foraminifera_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11815 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -