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Plastic pollution in the South Pacific subtropical gyre.
Mar Pollut Bull. 2013 Mar 15; 68(1-2):71-6.MP

Abstract

Plastic marine pollution in the open ocean of the southern hemisphere is largely undocumented. Here, we report the result of a (4489 km) 2424 nautical mile transect through the South Pacific subtropical gyre, carried out in March-April 2011. Neuston samples were collected at 48 sites, averaging 50 nautical miles apart, using a manta trawl lined with a 333 μm mesh. The transect bisected a predicted accumulation zone associated with the convergence of surface currents, driven by local winds. The results show an increase in surface abundance of plastic pollution as we neared the center and decrease as we moved away, verifying the presence of a garbage patch. The average abundance and mass was 26,898 particles km(-2) and 70.96 g km(-2), respectively. 88.8% of the plastic pollution was found in the middle third of the samples with the highest value of 396,342 particles km(-2) occurring near the center of the predicted accumulation zone.

Authors+Show Affiliations

5 Gyres Institute, 2122 S. Spaulding Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90016, USA. marcus@5gyres.orgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23324543

Citation

Eriksen, Marcus, et al. "Plastic Pollution in the South Pacific Subtropical Gyre." Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 68, no. 1-2, 2013, pp. 71-6.
Eriksen M, Maximenko N, Thiel M, et al. Plastic pollution in the South Pacific subtropical gyre. Mar Pollut Bull. 2013;68(1-2):71-6.
Eriksen, M., Maximenko, N., Thiel, M., Cummins, A., Lattin, G., Wilson, S., Hafner, J., Zellers, A., & Rifman, S. (2013). Plastic pollution in the South Pacific subtropical gyre. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 68(1-2), 71-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2012.12.021
Eriksen M, et al. Plastic Pollution in the South Pacific Subtropical Gyre. Mar Pollut Bull. 2013 Mar 15;68(1-2):71-6. PubMed PMID: 23324543.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Plastic pollution in the South Pacific subtropical gyre. AU - Eriksen,Marcus, AU - Maximenko,Nikolai, AU - Thiel,Martin, AU - Cummins,Anna, AU - Lattin,Gwen, AU - Wilson,Stiv, AU - Hafner,Jan, AU - Zellers,Ann, AU - Rifman,Samuel, Y1 - 2013/01/13/ PY - 2012/09/06/received PY - 2012/11/29/revised PY - 2012/12/03/accepted PY - 2013/1/18/entrez PY - 2013/1/18/pubmed PY - 2013/4/26/medline SP - 71 EP - 6 JF - Marine pollution bulletin JO - Mar. Pollut. Bull. VL - 68 IS - 1-2 N2 - Plastic marine pollution in the open ocean of the southern hemisphere is largely undocumented. Here, we report the result of a (4489 km) 2424 nautical mile transect through the South Pacific subtropical gyre, carried out in March-April 2011. Neuston samples were collected at 48 sites, averaging 50 nautical miles apart, using a manta trawl lined with a 333 μm mesh. The transect bisected a predicted accumulation zone associated with the convergence of surface currents, driven by local winds. The results show an increase in surface abundance of plastic pollution as we neared the center and decrease as we moved away, verifying the presence of a garbage patch. The average abundance and mass was 26,898 particles km(-2) and 70.96 g km(-2), respectively. 88.8% of the plastic pollution was found in the middle third of the samples with the highest value of 396,342 particles km(-2) occurring near the center of the predicted accumulation zone. SN - 1879-3363 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23324543/Plastic_pollution_in_the_South_Pacific_subtropical_gyre_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0025-326X(12)00622-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -