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Morbidity and mortality following envenomation by the common night adder (Causus rhombeatus) in three dogs.
J S Afr Vet Assoc. 2012 Oct 12; 83(1):205.JS

Abstract

In South Africa dogs are frequently presented to veterinarians following snakebite. The offending snakes are usually puff adders (Bitis arietans), cobras (Naja spp.) and mambas (Dendroaspis spp.). Night adder (Causus rhombeatus) bites in dogs have not yet been reported in South Africa. This article deals with three cases of dogs bitten by night adders in which extensive tissue damage was noted and one fatality occurred. Night adder bites may be indistinguishable from puff adder bites. Non-specific treatment included addressing the hypovolaemia and swelling. Specific treatment involving immunotherapy using the South African polyvalent antivenom would be ineffective as it does not contain immunoglobulins against night adder venom. Veterinarians should also include night adders as the possible cause of dogs suffering from severe and painful swellings suspected to be due to snakebites.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Rant en Dal Animal Hospital, Mogale City, South Africa. kdcramer@mweb.co.zaNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23327143

Citation

de Cramer, Kurt G M., et al. "Morbidity and Mortality Following Envenomation By the Common Night Adder (Causus Rhombeatus) in Three Dogs." Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, vol. 83, no. 1, 2012, p. 205.
de Cramer KG, van Bart GA, Huberts F. Morbidity and mortality following envenomation by the common night adder (Causus rhombeatus) in three dogs. J S Afr Vet Assoc. 2012;83(1):205.
de Cramer, K. G., van Bart, G. A., & Huberts, F. (2012). Morbidity and mortality following envenomation by the common night adder (Causus rhombeatus) in three dogs. Journal of the South African Veterinary Association, 83(1), 205. https://doi.org/10.4102/jsava.v83i1.205
de Cramer KG, van Bart GA, Huberts F. Morbidity and Mortality Following Envenomation By the Common Night Adder (Causus Rhombeatus) in Three Dogs. J S Afr Vet Assoc. 2012 Oct 12;83(1):205. PubMed PMID: 23327143.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Morbidity and mortality following envenomation by the common night adder (Causus rhombeatus) in three dogs. AU - de Cramer,Kurt G M, AU - van Bart,Garreth A, AU - Huberts,Freek, Y1 - 2012/10/12/ PY - 2012/05/25/received PY - 2012/05/25/accepted PY - 2013/1/19/entrez PY - 2013/1/19/pubmed PY - 2014/1/24/medline SP - 205 EP - 205 JF - Journal of the South African Veterinary Association JO - J S Afr Vet Assoc VL - 83 IS - 1 N2 - In South Africa dogs are frequently presented to veterinarians following snakebite. The offending snakes are usually puff adders (Bitis arietans), cobras (Naja spp.) and mambas (Dendroaspis spp.). Night adder (Causus rhombeatus) bites in dogs have not yet been reported in South Africa. This article deals with three cases of dogs bitten by night adders in which extensive tissue damage was noted and one fatality occurred. Night adder bites may be indistinguishable from puff adder bites. Non-specific treatment included addressing the hypovolaemia and swelling. Specific treatment involving immunotherapy using the South African polyvalent antivenom would be ineffective as it does not contain immunoglobulins against night adder venom. Veterinarians should also include night adders as the possible cause of dogs suffering from severe and painful swellings suspected to be due to snakebites. SN - 2224-9435 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23327143/Morbidity_and_mortality_following_envenomation_by_the_common_night_adder__Causus_rhombeatus__in_three_dogs_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -