CpG ODN-induced matrix metalloproteinase-13 expression is mediated via activation of the ERK and NF-κB signalling pathways in odontoblast cells.Int Endod J. 2013 Jul; 46(7):666-74.IE
To investigate the effects of CpG ODN (CpG oligodeoxynucleotides) to model the action of bacterial challenge on pulpal matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) expression and elucidate the associated intracellular signalling pathways.
Real-time PCR was used to detect the effects of CpG ODN on MMP-13 mRNA expression levels in a murine odontoblast-lineage cell line (OLCs). The possible involvement of TLR9/MyD88, NF-κB or MAPK pathways involved in the CpG ODN-induced MMP-13 expression was examined by real-time PCR, transient transfection, luciferase activity assay and ELISA. Western blotting was performed to assay the phosphorylation of ERK at a range of time points.
MMP-13 was constitutively expressed in OLCs, and their exposure to CpG ODN significantly increased MMP-13 expression. Pre-treatment of OLCs with the inhibitory peptide MyD88, or chloroquine, attenuated the CpG ODN-induced expression of MMP-13. Treatment of the OLCs with CpG ODN increased NF-κB-luciferase activity. This activity was decreased by the over-expression of a nondegrading mutant of IκBα (IκBαSR), although enhanced by the over-expression of NF-κB p65. MMP-13 expression induced by CpG ODN was markedly suppressed by NF-κB inhibitors (pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, PDTC), IκBα phosphorylation inhibitors (Bay 117082) or IκB protease inhibitor (L-1-tosylamido-2-phenylethyl chloromethyl ketone, TPCK). The inhibitor of ERK1/2, U0126, but not inhibitors of p38 MAPK and JNK, SB203580 and SP600125, decreased CpG ODN-mediated MMP-13 expression.
The CpG ODN-induced MMP-13 expression in OLCs is mediated through TLR9, NF-κB and the ERK pathway indicating that potentially the recognition of CpG ODN by TLR9 on odontoblasts may regulate the remodelling of injured dental pulp and hard tissues by inducing MMP-13 expression.