[Anti-MOG antibody in different types of immune-mediated optic neuritis].Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2012; 48(12):1069-72ZY
To investigate the expression of anti-myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody (MOG-Ab) in different types of immune-mediated optic neuritis (IM-ON).
Case-control and cross section study. The serum of 129 consecutive cases of immune-mediated optic neuritis (IM-ON group) seen in Neuro-ophthalmology clinic in Department of Neurology, Beijing Tongren Hospital during May 2010 and February 2011 were collected. All IM-ON cases were further classified into five different types as: 20 cases of multiple sclerosis related ON (MS-ON), 13 cases of neuromyelitis optical related ON (NMO-ON), 33 cases of autoimmune optic neuritis (AON), 43 cases of relapsing isolated optic neuritis (RION) and 20 cases of solitary isolated optic neuritis (SION). MOG-Ab was tested by ELISA. The positivity rate and titer of MOG-Ab among these groups were compared using chi-square test and ANOVA, t test by SPSS17.0 software.
MOG-Ab was positive in 12 of all 129 tested IM-ON patients (9.3%), in which there were 5 of 20 MS-ON, none of 13 NMO-ON, 4 of 33 AON, 2 of 43 RION, and 1 of 20 SION patients. There were no statistical significant difference among five groups (Fisher's exact test, χ(2) = 7.051, P = 0.088), but MS-ON group showed statistically higher MOG-Ab positivity and titer than the "NMO spectrum optic neuritis" group which was merged from the other 4 IM-ON groups.
MOG-Ab could be detected in different types of immune-mediated optic neuritis except NMO-ON and the expression of MOG-Ab was statistically higher in MS-ON group than the 'NMO spectrum optic neuritis' group.