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The (not so) social Simon effect: a referential coding account.
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2013 Oct; 39(5):1248-60.JE

Abstract

The joint go-nogo Simon effect (social Simon effect, or joint cSE) has been considered as an index of automatic action/task co-representation. Recent findings, however, challenge extreme versions of this social co-representation account by suggesting that the (joint) cSE results from any sufficiently salient event that provides a reference for spatially coding one's own action. By manipulating the salient nature of reference-providing events in an auditory go-nogo Simon task, the present study indeed demonstrates that spatial reference events do not necessarily require social (Experiment 1) or movement features (Experiment 2) to induce action coding. As long as events attract attention in a bottom-up fashion (e.g., auditory rhythmic features; Experiment 3 and 4), events in an auditory go-nogo Simon task seem to be co-represented irrespective of the agent or object producing these events. This suggests that the cSE does not necessarily imply the co-representation of tasks. The theory of event coding provides a comprehensive account of the available evidence on the cSE: the presence of another salient event requires distinguishing the cognitive representation of one's own action from the representation of other events, which can be achieved by referential coding-the spatial coding of one's action relative to the other events.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23339346

Citation

Dolk, Thomas, et al. "The (not So) Social Simon Effect: a Referential Coding Account." Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, vol. 39, no. 5, 2013, pp. 1248-60.
Dolk T, Hommel B, Prinz W, et al. The (not so) social Simon effect: a referential coding account. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2013;39(5):1248-60.
Dolk, T., Hommel, B., Prinz, W., & Liepelt, R. (2013). The (not so) social Simon effect: a referential coding account. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 39(5), 1248-60. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0031031
Dolk T, et al. The (not So) Social Simon Effect: a Referential Coding Account. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2013;39(5):1248-60. PubMed PMID: 23339346.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The (not so) social Simon effect: a referential coding account. AU - Dolk,Thomas, AU - Hommel,Bernhard, AU - Prinz,Wolfgang, AU - Liepelt,Roman, Y1 - 2013/01/21/ PY - 2013/1/24/entrez PY - 2013/1/24/pubmed PY - 2014/6/24/medline SP - 1248 EP - 60 JF - Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance JO - J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform VL - 39 IS - 5 N2 - The joint go-nogo Simon effect (social Simon effect, or joint cSE) has been considered as an index of automatic action/task co-representation. Recent findings, however, challenge extreme versions of this social co-representation account by suggesting that the (joint) cSE results from any sufficiently salient event that provides a reference for spatially coding one's own action. By manipulating the salient nature of reference-providing events in an auditory go-nogo Simon task, the present study indeed demonstrates that spatial reference events do not necessarily require social (Experiment 1) or movement features (Experiment 2) to induce action coding. As long as events attract attention in a bottom-up fashion (e.g., auditory rhythmic features; Experiment 3 and 4), events in an auditory go-nogo Simon task seem to be co-represented irrespective of the agent or object producing these events. This suggests that the cSE does not necessarily imply the co-representation of tasks. The theory of event coding provides a comprehensive account of the available evidence on the cSE: the presence of another salient event requires distinguishing the cognitive representation of one's own action from the representation of other events, which can be achieved by referential coding-the spatial coding of one's action relative to the other events. SN - 1939-1277 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23339346/The__not_so__social_Simon_effect:_a_referential_coding_account_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/xhp/39/5/1248 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -