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Postdeployment symptom changes and traumatic brain injury and/or posttraumatic stress disorder in men.
J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012; 49(8):1197-208.JR

Abstract

In Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, blast-related injuries associated with combat are frequent and can result in traumatic brain injury (TBI) symptoms that may be difficult to distinguish from psychological problems. Using data from the Post-Deployment Health Assessment and Reassessment, we identified 12,046 male U.S. Navy sailors and Marines with reported combat exposure from 2008 to 2009. Symptoms potentially associated with blast-related TBI and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that were reported immediately after deployment were compared with symptoms present several months later. Our study supports others that have found that subjects with blast-related injuries may experience the development or worsening of symptoms during the months following deployment. Additionally, our study found that those who screened positive for PTSD and TBI formed a unique group, with the presence of TBI exacerbating development of PTSD symptoms at reassessment. Providers should recognize the late development of symptoms, consider the possibility of comorbidity, and be prepared to treat multiple symptoms rather than a specific diagnostic category.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Warfighter Performance Department and Medical Modeling, Simulation and Mission Support Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23341312

Citation

Macera, Caroline A., et al. "Postdeployment Symptom Changes and Traumatic Brain Injury And/or Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Men." Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, vol. 49, no. 8, 2012, pp. 1197-208.
Macera CA, Aralis HJ, Macgregor AJ, et al. Postdeployment symptom changes and traumatic brain injury and/or posttraumatic stress disorder in men. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012;49(8):1197-208.
Macera, C. A., Aralis, H. J., Macgregor, A. J., Rauh, M. J., & Galarneau, M. R. (2012). Postdeployment symptom changes and traumatic brain injury and/or posttraumatic stress disorder in men. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 49(8), 1197-208.
Macera CA, et al. Postdeployment Symptom Changes and Traumatic Brain Injury And/or Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Men. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2012;49(8):1197-208. PubMed PMID: 23341312.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Postdeployment symptom changes and traumatic brain injury and/or posttraumatic stress disorder in men. AU - Macera,Caroline A, AU - Aralis,Hilary J, AU - Macgregor,Andrew J, AU - Rauh,Mitchell J, AU - Galarneau,Michael R, PY - 2013/1/24/entrez PY - 2013/1/24/pubmed PY - 2013/8/13/medline SP - 1197 EP - 208 JF - Journal of rehabilitation research and development JO - J Rehabil Res Dev VL - 49 IS - 8 N2 - In Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, blast-related injuries associated with combat are frequent and can result in traumatic brain injury (TBI) symptoms that may be difficult to distinguish from psychological problems. Using data from the Post-Deployment Health Assessment and Reassessment, we identified 12,046 male U.S. Navy sailors and Marines with reported combat exposure from 2008 to 2009. Symptoms potentially associated with blast-related TBI and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that were reported immediately after deployment were compared with symptoms present several months later. Our study supports others that have found that subjects with blast-related injuries may experience the development or worsening of symptoms during the months following deployment. Additionally, our study found that those who screened positive for PTSD and TBI formed a unique group, with the presence of TBI exacerbating development of PTSD symptoms at reassessment. Providers should recognize the late development of symptoms, consider the possibility of comorbidity, and be prepared to treat multiple symptoms rather than a specific diagnostic category. SN - 1938-1352 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23341312/Postdeployment_symptom_changes_and_traumatic_brain_injury_and/or_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_in_men_ L2 - https://www.rehab.research.va.gov/jour/2012/498/pdf/page1197.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -