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Global burden of maternal and child undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies.

Abstract

Maternal and child undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies affect approximately half of the world's population. These conditions include intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), low birth weight, protein-energy malnutrition, chronic energy deficit of women, and micronutrient deficiencies. Although the rates of stunting or chronic protein-energy malnutrition are increasing in Africa, the absolute numbers of stunted children are much higher in Asia. The four common micronutrient deficiencies include those of iron, iodine, vitamin A, and zinc. All these conditions are responsible directly or indirectly for more than 50% of all under-5 deaths globally. According to more recent estimates, IUGR, stunting and severe wasting are responsible for one third of under-5 mortality. About 12% of deaths among under-5 children are attributed to the deficiency of the four common micronutrients. Despite tremendous progress in different disciplines and unprecedented improvement with many health indicators, persistently high undernutrition rates are a shame to the society. Human development is not possible without taking care to control undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Poverty, food insecurity, ignorance, lack of appropriate infant and young child feeding practices, heavy burden of infectious illnesses, and poor hygiene and sanitation are factors responsible for the high levels of maternal and child undernutrition in developing countries. These factors can be controlled or removed by scaling up direct nutrition interventions and eliminating the root conditions including female illiteracy, lack of livelihoods, lack of women's empowerment, and poor hygiene and sanitation.

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Authors+Show Affiliations

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Centre for Nutrition and Food Security, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

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Source

Annals of nutrition & metabolism 61 Suppl 1: 2012 pg 8-17

MeSH

Anemia, Iron-Deficiency
Child, Preschool
Cost of Illness
Developing Countries
Female
Fetal Growth Retardation
Food Supply
Humans
Infant
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Infection
Iodine
Malnutrition
Micronutrients
Poverty
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications
Protein-Energy Malnutrition
Vitamin A Deficiency
Zinc

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23343943

Citation

Ahmed, Tahmeed, et al. "Global Burden of Maternal and Child Undernutrition and Micronutrient Deficiencies." Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, vol. 61 Suppl 1, 2012, pp. 8-17.
Ahmed T, Hossain M, Sanin KI. Global burden of maternal and child undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Ann Nutr Metab. 2012;61 Suppl 1:8-17.
Ahmed, T., Hossain, M., & Sanin, K. I. (2012). Global burden of maternal and child undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, 61 Suppl 1, pp. 8-17. doi:10.1159/000345165.
Ahmed T, Hossain M, Sanin KI. Global Burden of Maternal and Child Undernutrition and Micronutrient Deficiencies. Ann Nutr Metab. 2012;61 Suppl 1:8-17. PubMed PMID: 23343943.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Global burden of maternal and child undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. AU - Ahmed,Tahmeed, AU - Hossain,Muttaquina, AU - Sanin,Kazi Istiaque, Y1 - 2013/01/21/ PY - 2013/1/25/entrez PY - 2013/2/21/pubmed PY - 2013/7/3/medline SP - 8 EP - 17 JF - Annals of nutrition & metabolism JO - Ann. Nutr. Metab. VL - 61 Suppl 1 N2 - Maternal and child undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies affect approximately half of the world's population. These conditions include intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), low birth weight, protein-energy malnutrition, chronic energy deficit of women, and micronutrient deficiencies. Although the rates of stunting or chronic protein-energy malnutrition are increasing in Africa, the absolute numbers of stunted children are much higher in Asia. The four common micronutrient deficiencies include those of iron, iodine, vitamin A, and zinc. All these conditions are responsible directly or indirectly for more than 50% of all under-5 deaths globally. According to more recent estimates, IUGR, stunting and severe wasting are responsible for one third of under-5 mortality. About 12% of deaths among under-5 children are attributed to the deficiency of the four common micronutrients. Despite tremendous progress in different disciplines and unprecedented improvement with many health indicators, persistently high undernutrition rates are a shame to the society. Human development is not possible without taking care to control undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies. Poverty, food insecurity, ignorance, lack of appropriate infant and young child feeding practices, heavy burden of infectious illnesses, and poor hygiene and sanitation are factors responsible for the high levels of maternal and child undernutrition in developing countries. These factors can be controlled or removed by scaling up direct nutrition interventions and eliminating the root conditions including female illiteracy, lack of livelihoods, lack of women's empowerment, and poor hygiene and sanitation. SN - 1421-9697 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23343943/Global_burden_of_maternal_and_child_undernutrition_and_micronutrient_deficiencies_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -