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Does trophic status enhance or reduce the thermal tolerance of scleractinian corals? A review, experiment and conceptual framework.
PLoS One. 2013; 8(1):e54399.Plos

Abstract

Global warming, and nutrient and sediment runoff from coastal development, both exert increasing pressures on coastal coral reefs. The objective of this study was to resolve the question of whether coastal eutrophication may protect corals from thermal stress by improving their nutritional status, or rather diminish their thermal tolerance through the synergy of dual stressors. A review of previous studies on the topic of combined trophic status and heat exposure on the thermal tolerance of corals reveals a broad range of outcomes, including synergistic, additive and antagonistic effects. We conducted a 90-day long experiment exposing corals to realistic levels of elevated nutrients and sediments, and heat stress. Colonies of two common scleractinian corals (Acropora millepora and Montipora tuberculosa) were kept in coastal seawater, or coastal seawater that was further organically and nutrient enriched (OE), and/or enriched with nitrate. Batches of OE were created daily, facilitating nutrient uptake, plankton succession and organic enrichment as observed in coastal waters. After 10 days of acclimation, 67% of the colonies had their temperature gradually increased from 27° to 31.2°C. After 3-7 weeks of heat stress, colonies of both species had significantly greater reductions in fluorescence yields and lower survival in OE than without addition of OE. Furthermore, photophysiological recovery was incomplete 31-38 days after ending the heat stress only in the OE treatments. Nitrate alone had no measurable effect on survival, bleaching and recovery in either species. Skeletal growth rates were reduced by 45% in heat-stressed A. millepora and by 24% in OE-exposed M. tuberculosa. We propose a conceptual trophic framework that resolves some of the apparently contradictory outcomes revealed by the review. Our study shows that management actions to reduce coastal eutrophication can improve the resistance and resilience of vulnerable coastal coral reefs to warming temperatures.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia. k.fabricius@aims.gov.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23349876

Citation

Fabricius, Katharina E., et al. "Does Trophic Status Enhance or Reduce the Thermal Tolerance of Scleractinian Corals? a Review, Experiment and Conceptual Framework." PloS One, vol. 8, no. 1, 2013, pp. e54399.
Fabricius KE, Cséke S, Humphrey C, et al. Does trophic status enhance or reduce the thermal tolerance of scleractinian corals? A review, experiment and conceptual framework. PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e54399.
Fabricius, K. E., Cséke, S., Humphrey, C., & De'ath, G. (2013). Does trophic status enhance or reduce the thermal tolerance of scleractinian corals? A review, experiment and conceptual framework. PloS One, 8(1), e54399. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054399
Fabricius KE, et al. Does Trophic Status Enhance or Reduce the Thermal Tolerance of Scleractinian Corals? a Review, Experiment and Conceptual Framework. PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e54399. PubMed PMID: 23349876.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Does trophic status enhance or reduce the thermal tolerance of scleractinian corals? A review, experiment and conceptual framework. AU - Fabricius,Katharina E, AU - Cséke,Szilvia, AU - Humphrey,Craig, AU - De'ath,Glenn, Y1 - 2013/01/17/ PY - 2012/09/04/received PY - 2012/12/11/accepted PY - 2013/1/26/entrez PY - 2013/1/26/pubmed PY - 2013/7/20/medline SP - e54399 EP - e54399 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 8 IS - 1 N2 - Global warming, and nutrient and sediment runoff from coastal development, both exert increasing pressures on coastal coral reefs. The objective of this study was to resolve the question of whether coastal eutrophication may protect corals from thermal stress by improving their nutritional status, or rather diminish their thermal tolerance through the synergy of dual stressors. A review of previous studies on the topic of combined trophic status and heat exposure on the thermal tolerance of corals reveals a broad range of outcomes, including synergistic, additive and antagonistic effects. We conducted a 90-day long experiment exposing corals to realistic levels of elevated nutrients and sediments, and heat stress. Colonies of two common scleractinian corals (Acropora millepora and Montipora tuberculosa) were kept in coastal seawater, or coastal seawater that was further organically and nutrient enriched (OE), and/or enriched with nitrate. Batches of OE were created daily, facilitating nutrient uptake, plankton succession and organic enrichment as observed in coastal waters. After 10 days of acclimation, 67% of the colonies had their temperature gradually increased from 27° to 31.2°C. After 3-7 weeks of heat stress, colonies of both species had significantly greater reductions in fluorescence yields and lower survival in OE than without addition of OE. Furthermore, photophysiological recovery was incomplete 31-38 days after ending the heat stress only in the OE treatments. Nitrate alone had no measurable effect on survival, bleaching and recovery in either species. Skeletal growth rates were reduced by 45% in heat-stressed A. millepora and by 24% in OE-exposed M. tuberculosa. We propose a conceptual trophic framework that resolves some of the apparently contradictory outcomes revealed by the review. Our study shows that management actions to reduce coastal eutrophication can improve the resistance and resilience of vulnerable coastal coral reefs to warming temperatures. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23349876/Does_trophic_status_enhance_or_reduce_the_thermal_tolerance_of_scleractinian_corals_A_review_experiment_and_conceptual_framework_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054399 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -