Synthesis of 3-acylindoles by palladium-catalyzed acylation of free (N-H) indoles with nitriles.Org Lett. 2013 Feb 15; 15(4):788-91.OL
An efficient palladium-catalyzed synthesis of 3-acylindoles using free (N-H) indoles and nitriles has been developed. The acylation reaction proceeded well under the Pd(OAc)(2)/2,2'-bipyridine system and with D-(+)-camphorsulfonic acid as the additive. A possible mechanism involving carbopalladation of nitriles and subsequent hydrolysis of ketimines is proposed.