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The self-reported density of truck traffic on residential streets and the impact on asthma, hay fever and eczema in young adolescents.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2014 May-Jun; 42(3):224-9.AI

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Conflicting results have been reported, mostly in developed countries, on the relationship between exposure to traffic and allergic diseases. This study aims to examine the impact of truck traffic on asthma, rhinitis and eczema in early adolescence in Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia, as a developing country with a lower middle rate of high truck traffic exposure and low prevalence rates of allergic diseases.

METHODS

Self-reported data was used, obtained through the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood Phase 3 written questionnaires, from 3026 adolescents aged 13-14 years from Skopje. Truck traffic density on the street of residence on weekdays was correlated to current and ever-diagnosed asthma, rhinitis and eczema by odds ratios (OR, 95% CI) in binary logistic regression, with and without adjustments for potential confounding factors separately and for their joint effect.

RESULTS

A positive association of truck traffic density appeared to be limited to current dry night cough (aOR: 1.63; 1.07-2.47; aOR: 2.17; 1.40-3.35; and aOR: 2.33; 1.43-3.79 for truck traffic seldom, frequently through the day, and almost the whole day, respectively) with an exposure-response relationship and to current wheeze only for truck traffic almost the whole day (aOR: 1.87; 1.02-3.42).

CONCLUSION

The findings suggest an aggravating effect of truck traffic on current asthma symptoms, but not on asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema diagnoses. It seems that it probably has an impact as a direct respiratory irritant in early adolescence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pulmonology and Allergology, University Children's Clinic, Skopje, The Former Yugolav Republic of Macedonia. Electronic address: vlaskie@sonet.com.mk.Department of Immunology, University Children's Clinic, Skopje, The Former Yugolav Republic of Macedonia.Department of Pulmonology and Allergology, University Children's Clinic, Skopje, The Former Yugolav Republic of Macedonia.Intensive Care Unit, University Children's Clinic, Skopje, The Former Yugolav Republic of Macedonia.Institute of Epidemiology with Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Skopje, The Former Yugolav Republic of Macedonia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23352596

Citation

Vlaski, E, et al. "The Self-reported Density of Truck Traffic On Residential Streets and the Impact On Asthma, Hay Fever and Eczema in Young Adolescents." Allergologia Et Immunopathologia, vol. 42, no. 3, 2014, pp. 224-9.
Vlaski E, Stavric K, Seckova L, et al. The self-reported density of truck traffic on residential streets and the impact on asthma, hay fever and eczema in young adolescents. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2014;42(3):224-9.
Vlaski, E., Stavric, K., Seckova, L., Kimovska Hristova, M., & Isjanovska, R. (2014). The self-reported density of truck traffic on residential streets and the impact on asthma, hay fever and eczema in young adolescents. Allergologia Et Immunopathologia, 42(3), 224-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aller.2012.10.011
Vlaski E, et al. The Self-reported Density of Truck Traffic On Residential Streets and the Impact On Asthma, Hay Fever and Eczema in Young Adolescents. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2014 May-Jun;42(3):224-9. PubMed PMID: 23352596.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The self-reported density of truck traffic on residential streets and the impact on asthma, hay fever and eczema in young adolescents. AU - Vlaski,E, AU - Stavric,K, AU - Seckova,L, AU - Kimovska Hristova,M, AU - Isjanovska,R, Y1 - 2013/01/24/ PY - 2012/09/14/received PY - 2012/10/26/accepted PY - 2013/1/29/entrez PY - 2013/1/29/pubmed PY - 2015/4/17/medline KW - Adolescence KW - Asthma KW - Eczema KW - ISAAC KW - Rhinitis KW - Truck traffic SP - 224 EP - 9 JF - Allergologia et immunopathologia JO - Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) VL - 42 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Conflicting results have been reported, mostly in developed countries, on the relationship between exposure to traffic and allergic diseases. This study aims to examine the impact of truck traffic on asthma, rhinitis and eczema in early adolescence in Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia, as a developing country with a lower middle rate of high truck traffic exposure and low prevalence rates of allergic diseases. METHODS: Self-reported data was used, obtained through the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood Phase 3 written questionnaires, from 3026 adolescents aged 13-14 years from Skopje. Truck traffic density on the street of residence on weekdays was correlated to current and ever-diagnosed asthma, rhinitis and eczema by odds ratios (OR, 95% CI) in binary logistic regression, with and without adjustments for potential confounding factors separately and for their joint effect. RESULTS: A positive association of truck traffic density appeared to be limited to current dry night cough (aOR: 1.63; 1.07-2.47; aOR: 2.17; 1.40-3.35; and aOR: 2.33; 1.43-3.79 for truck traffic seldom, frequently through the day, and almost the whole day, respectively) with an exposure-response relationship and to current wheeze only for truck traffic almost the whole day (aOR: 1.87; 1.02-3.42). CONCLUSION: The findings suggest an aggravating effect of truck traffic on current asthma symptoms, but not on asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema diagnoses. It seems that it probably has an impact as a direct respiratory irritant in early adolescence. SN - 1578-1267 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23352596/The_self_reported_density_of_truck_traffic_on_residential_streets_and_the_impact_on_asthma_hay_fever_and_eczema_in_young_adolescents_ L2 - http://www.elsevier.es/en/linksolver/ft/pii/S0301-0546(12)00303-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -