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Associations between UCP1 -3826A/G, UCP2 -866G/A, Ala55Val and Ins/Del, and UCP3 -55C/T polymorphisms and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus: case-control study and meta-analysis.
PLoS One 2013; 8(1):e54259Plos

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Some studies have reported associations between five uncoupling protein (UCP) 1-3 polymorphisms and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, other studies have failed to confirm the associations. This paper describes a case-control study and a meta-analysis conducted to attempt to determine whether the following polymorphisms are associated with T2DM: -3826A/G (UCP1); -866G/A, Ala55Val and Ins/Del (UCP2) and -55C/T (UCP3).

METHODS

The case-control study enrolled 981 T2DM patients and 534 nondiabetic subjects, all of European ancestry. A literature search was run to identify all studies that investigated associations between UCP1-3 polymorphisms and T2DM. Pooled odds ratios (OR) were calculated for allele contrast, additive, recessive, dominant and co-dominant inheritance models. Sensitivity analyses were performed after stratification by ethnicity.

RESULTS

In the case-control study the frequencies of the UCP polymorphisms did not differ significantly between T2DM and nondiabetic groups (P>0.05). Twenty-three studies were eligible for the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis results showed that the Ala55Val polymorphism was associated with T2DM under a dominant model (OR = 1.27, 95% CI 1.03-1.57); while the -55C/T polymorphism was associated with this disease in almost all genetic models: allele contrast (OR = 1.17, 95% CI 1.02-1.34), additive (OR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.01-1.72) and dominant (OR = 1.18, 95% CI 1.02-1.37). However, after stratification by ethnicity, the UCP2 55Val and UCP3 -55C/T alleles remained associated with T2DM only in Asians (OR = 1.25, 95% CI 1.02-1.51 and OR = 1.22, 95% CI 1.04-1.44, respectively; allele contrast model). No significant association of the -3826A/G, -866G/A and Ins/Del polymorphisms with T2DM was observed.

CONCLUSIONS

In our case-control study of people with European ancestry we were not able to demonstrate any association between the UCP polymorphisms and T2DM; however, our meta-analysis detected a significant association between the UCP2 Ala55Val and UCP3 -55C/T polymorphisms and increased susceptibility for T2DM in Asians.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Endocrinology Division, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23365654

Citation

de Souza, Bianca M., et al. "Associations Between UCP1 -3826A/G, UCP2 -866G/A, Ala55Val and Ins/Del, and UCP3 -55C/T Polymorphisms and Susceptibility to Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Case-control Study and Meta-analysis." PloS One, vol. 8, no. 1, 2013, pp. e54259.
de Souza BM, Brondani LA, Bouças AP, et al. Associations between UCP1 -3826A/G, UCP2 -866G/A, Ala55Val and Ins/Del, and UCP3 -55C/T polymorphisms and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus: case-control study and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(1):e54259.
de Souza, B. M., Brondani, L. A., Bouças, A. P., Sortica, D. A., Kramer, C. K., Canani, L. H., ... Crispim, D. (2013). Associations between UCP1 -3826A/G, UCP2 -866G/A, Ala55Val and Ins/Del, and UCP3 -55C/T polymorphisms and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus: case-control study and meta-analysis. PloS One, 8(1), pp. e54259. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0054259.
de Souza BM, et al. Associations Between UCP1 -3826A/G, UCP2 -866G/A, Ala55Val and Ins/Del, and UCP3 -55C/T Polymorphisms and Susceptibility to Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Case-control Study and Meta-analysis. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(1):e54259. PubMed PMID: 23365654.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between UCP1 -3826A/G, UCP2 -866G/A, Ala55Val and Ins/Del, and UCP3 -55C/T polymorphisms and susceptibility to type 2 diabetes mellitus: case-control study and meta-analysis. AU - de Souza,Bianca M, AU - Brondani,Letícia A, AU - Bouças,Ana P, AU - Sortica,Denise A, AU - Kramer,Caroline K, AU - Canani,Luís H, AU - Leitão,Cristiane B, AU - Crispim,Daisy, Y1 - 2013/01/24/ PY - 2012/09/05/received PY - 2012/12/10/accepted PY - 2013/2/1/entrez PY - 2013/2/1/pubmed PY - 2013/7/9/medline SP - e54259 EP - e54259 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS ONE VL - 8 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Some studies have reported associations between five uncoupling protein (UCP) 1-3 polymorphisms and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, other studies have failed to confirm the associations. This paper describes a case-control study and a meta-analysis conducted to attempt to determine whether the following polymorphisms are associated with T2DM: -3826A/G (UCP1); -866G/A, Ala55Val and Ins/Del (UCP2) and -55C/T (UCP3). METHODS: The case-control study enrolled 981 T2DM patients and 534 nondiabetic subjects, all of European ancestry. A literature search was run to identify all studies that investigated associations between UCP1-3 polymorphisms and T2DM. Pooled odds ratios (OR) were calculated for allele contrast, additive, recessive, dominant and co-dominant inheritance models. Sensitivity analyses were performed after stratification by ethnicity. RESULTS: In the case-control study the frequencies of the UCP polymorphisms did not differ significantly between T2DM and nondiabetic groups (P>0.05). Twenty-three studies were eligible for the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis results showed that the Ala55Val polymorphism was associated with T2DM under a dominant model (OR = 1.27, 95% CI 1.03-1.57); while the -55C/T polymorphism was associated with this disease in almost all genetic models: allele contrast (OR = 1.17, 95% CI 1.02-1.34), additive (OR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.01-1.72) and dominant (OR = 1.18, 95% CI 1.02-1.37). However, after stratification by ethnicity, the UCP2 55Val and UCP3 -55C/T alleles remained associated with T2DM only in Asians (OR = 1.25, 95% CI 1.02-1.51 and OR = 1.22, 95% CI 1.04-1.44, respectively; allele contrast model). No significant association of the -3826A/G, -866G/A and Ins/Del polymorphisms with T2DM was observed. CONCLUSIONS: In our case-control study of people with European ancestry we were not able to demonstrate any association between the UCP polymorphisms and T2DM; however, our meta-analysis detected a significant association between the UCP2 Ala55Val and UCP3 -55C/T polymorphisms and increased susceptibility for T2DM in Asians. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23365654/Associations_between_UCP1__3826A/G_UCP2__866G/A_Ala55Val_and_Ins/Del_and_UCP3__55C/T_polymorphisms_and_susceptibility_to_type_2_diabetes_mellitus:_case_control_study_and_meta_analysis_ L2 - http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054259 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -