Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Time-dependent changes in altruistic punishment following stress.
Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013 Sep; 38(9):1467-75.P

Abstract

Decisions are rarely made in social isolation. One phenomenon often observed in social interactions is altruistic punishment, i.e. the punishment of unfair behavior by others at a personal cost. The tendency for altruistic punishment is altered by affective states including those induced by stress exposure. Stress is thought to exert bi-directional effects on behavior: immediately after stress, reflex-like and habitual behavior is promoted while later on more far-sighted, flexible and goal-directed behavior is enhanced. We hypothesized that such time-dependent effects of stress would also be present in the context of altruistic punishment behavior. Healthy male participants (N=80) were exposed to either a grouped stress test or a control condition. Participants were tested in prosocial decision making tasks either directly after stress or 75 min later. Altruistic punishment was assessed using the Ultimatum Game. General altruism was assessed with a one-shot version of the Dictator Game in which an anonymous donation could be offered to a charitable organization. We found that stress caused a bi-directional effect on altruistic punishment, with decreased rejection rates in the late aftermath of stress in response to ambiguous 30% offers. In the Dictator Game, stressed participants were less generous than controls, but no time-dependent effect was observed, indicating that the general reward sensitivity remained unchanged at various time-points after stress. Overall, during the late aftermath after acute stress exposure (i.e. 75 min later), participants acted more consistent with their own material self-interest, and had a lower propensity for altruistic punishment, possibly through upregulation of cognitive self-control mechanisms. Thus, our findings underscore the importance of time as a factor in simple, real-life economic decisions in a stressful social context.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences and Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: c.h.vinkers@umcutrecht.nl.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23375639

Citation

Vinkers, Christiaan H., et al. "Time-dependent Changes in Altruistic Punishment Following Stress." Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 38, no. 9, 2013, pp. 1467-75.
Vinkers CH, Zorn JV, Cornelisse S, et al. Time-dependent changes in altruistic punishment following stress. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013;38(9):1467-75.
Vinkers, C. H., Zorn, J. V., Cornelisse, S., Koot, S., Houtepen, L. C., Olivier, B., Verster, J. C., Kahn, R. S., Boks, M. P., Kalenscher, T., & Joëls, M. (2013). Time-dependent changes in altruistic punishment following stress. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38(9), 1467-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2012.12.012
Vinkers CH, et al. Time-dependent Changes in Altruistic Punishment Following Stress. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013;38(9):1467-75. PubMed PMID: 23375639.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Time-dependent changes in altruistic punishment following stress. AU - Vinkers,Christiaan H, AU - Zorn,Jelle V, AU - Cornelisse,Sandra, AU - Koot,Susanne, AU - Houtepen,Lotte C, AU - Olivier,Berend, AU - Verster,Joris C, AU - Kahn,René S, AU - Boks,Marco P M, AU - Kalenscher,Tobias, AU - Joëls,Marian, Y1 - 2013/02/01/ PY - 2012/10/07/received PY - 2012/11/22/revised PY - 2012/12/19/accepted PY - 2013/2/5/entrez PY - 2013/2/5/pubmed PY - 2014/5/16/medline KW - Alpha-amylase KW - Cortisol KW - Dictator Game KW - Genomic KW - Non-genomic KW - Social decision making KW - Stress KW - Temporal KW - Trier Social Stress Test KW - Ultimatum Game SP - 1467 EP - 75 JF - Psychoneuroendocrinology JO - Psychoneuroendocrinology VL - 38 IS - 9 N2 - Decisions are rarely made in social isolation. One phenomenon often observed in social interactions is altruistic punishment, i.e. the punishment of unfair behavior by others at a personal cost. The tendency for altruistic punishment is altered by affective states including those induced by stress exposure. Stress is thought to exert bi-directional effects on behavior: immediately after stress, reflex-like and habitual behavior is promoted while later on more far-sighted, flexible and goal-directed behavior is enhanced. We hypothesized that such time-dependent effects of stress would also be present in the context of altruistic punishment behavior. Healthy male participants (N=80) were exposed to either a grouped stress test or a control condition. Participants were tested in prosocial decision making tasks either directly after stress or 75 min later. Altruistic punishment was assessed using the Ultimatum Game. General altruism was assessed with a one-shot version of the Dictator Game in which an anonymous donation could be offered to a charitable organization. We found that stress caused a bi-directional effect on altruistic punishment, with decreased rejection rates in the late aftermath of stress in response to ambiguous 30% offers. In the Dictator Game, stressed participants were less generous than controls, but no time-dependent effect was observed, indicating that the general reward sensitivity remained unchanged at various time-points after stress. Overall, during the late aftermath after acute stress exposure (i.e. 75 min later), participants acted more consistent with their own material self-interest, and had a lower propensity for altruistic punishment, possibly through upregulation of cognitive self-control mechanisms. Thus, our findings underscore the importance of time as a factor in simple, real-life economic decisions in a stressful social context. SN - 1873-3360 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23375639/Time_dependent_changes_in_altruistic_punishment_following_stress_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4530(12)00425-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -