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Electronic victimization: correlates, antecedents, and consequences among elementary and middle school students.
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2013; 42(4):442-53.JC

Abstract

We examined the occurrence of electronic-only, traditional-only, and traditional and electronic bullying, and the antecedents and consequences of electronic versus traditional victimization. A large data set including 17,625 students from elementary (Grades 3-5) and middle school (Grades 7-8) was utilized to examine the prevalence of students with diverse victimization profiles. A longitudinal subsample of 7,850 students was used to test hypotheses regarding the antecedents and consequences of electronic victimization when occurring in isolation from traditional forms versus accompanied by them. According to the main findings, (a) the victims of electronic bullying were in most cases bullied in traditional ways as well; (b) being a target of electronic-only victimization was not predicted by either intrapersonal (depression) or interpersonal (low social acceptance) risk factors; and (c) electronic victimization, when occurring in isolation from traditional victimization, did not contribute to increases in depression over time. Electronic victimization is rare, and is almost always accompanied by traditional victimization. It leads to increases in depression only when combined with traditional victimization. Rather than shifting attention from traditional to electronic victimization, educators should continue their efforts on reducing victimization in general.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland. tiina.salmivalli@utu.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23384048

Citation

Salmivalli, Christina, et al. "Electronic Victimization: Correlates, Antecedents, and Consequences Among Elementary and Middle School Students." Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology : the Official Journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53, vol. 42, no. 4, 2013, pp. 442-53.
Salmivalli C, Sainio M, Hodges EV. Electronic victimization: correlates, antecedents, and consequences among elementary and middle school students. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2013;42(4):442-53.
Salmivalli, C., Sainio, M., & Hodges, E. V. (2013). Electronic victimization: correlates, antecedents, and consequences among elementary and middle school students. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology : the Official Journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53, 42(4), 442-53. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2012.759228
Salmivalli C, Sainio M, Hodges EV. Electronic Victimization: Correlates, Antecedents, and Consequences Among Elementary and Middle School Students. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2013;42(4):442-53. PubMed PMID: 23384048.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Electronic victimization: correlates, antecedents, and consequences among elementary and middle school students. AU - Salmivalli,Christina, AU - Sainio,Miia, AU - Hodges,Ernest V E, Y1 - 2013/02/05/ PY - 2013/2/7/entrez PY - 2013/2/7/pubmed PY - 2014/2/8/medline SP - 442 EP - 53 JF - Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53 JO - J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol VL - 42 IS - 4 N2 - We examined the occurrence of electronic-only, traditional-only, and traditional and electronic bullying, and the antecedents and consequences of electronic versus traditional victimization. A large data set including 17,625 students from elementary (Grades 3-5) and middle school (Grades 7-8) was utilized to examine the prevalence of students with diverse victimization profiles. A longitudinal subsample of 7,850 students was used to test hypotheses regarding the antecedents and consequences of electronic victimization when occurring in isolation from traditional forms versus accompanied by them. According to the main findings, (a) the victims of electronic bullying were in most cases bullied in traditional ways as well; (b) being a target of electronic-only victimization was not predicted by either intrapersonal (depression) or interpersonal (low social acceptance) risk factors; and (c) electronic victimization, when occurring in isolation from traditional victimization, did not contribute to increases in depression over time. Electronic victimization is rare, and is almost always accompanied by traditional victimization. It leads to increases in depression only when combined with traditional victimization. Rather than shifting attention from traditional to electronic victimization, educators should continue their efforts on reducing victimization in general. SN - 1537-4424 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23384048/Electronic_victimization:_correlates_antecedents_and_consequences_among_elementary_and_middle_school_students_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15374416.2012.759228 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -