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Exploring genome-wide - dietary heme iron intake interactions and the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Front Genet 2013; 4:7FG

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS

Genome-wide association studies have identified over 50 new genetic loci for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Several studies conclude that higher dietary heme iron intake increases the risk of T2D. Therefore we assessed whether the relation between genetic loci and T2D is modified by dietary heme iron intake.

METHODS

We used Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human 6.0 array data [681,770 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)] and dietary information collected in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (n = 725 cases; n = 1,273 controls) and the Nurses' Health Study (n = 1,081 cases; n = 1,692 controls). We assessed whether genome-wide SNPs or iron metabolism SNPs interacted with dietary heme iron intake in relation to T2D, testing for associations in each cohort separately and then meta-analyzing to pool the results. Finally, we created 1,000 synthetic pathways matched to an iron metabolism pathway on number of genes, and number of SNPs in each gene. We compared the iron metabolic pathway SNPs with these synthetic SNP assemblies in their relation to T2D to assess if the pathway as a whole interacts with dietary heme iron intake.

RESULTS

Using a genomic approach, we found no significant gene-environment interactions with dietary heme iron intake in relation to T2D at a Bonferroni corrected genome-wide significance level of 7.33 ×10(-) (8) (top SNP in pooled analysis: intergenic rs10980508; p = 1.03 × 10(-) (6)). Furthermore, no SNP in the iron metabolic pathway significantly interacted with dietary heme iron intake at a Bonferroni corrected significance level of 2.10 × 10(-) (4) (top SNP in pooled analysis: rs1805313; p = 1.14 × 10(-) (3)). Finally, neither the main genetic effects (pooled empirical p by SNP = 0.41), nor gene - dietary heme-iron interactions (pooled empirical p-value for the interactions = 0.72) were significant for the iron metabolic pathway as a whole.

CONCLUSIONS

We found no significant interactions between dietary heme iron intake and common SNPs in relation to T2D.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Channing Division of Network Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School Boston, MA, USA ; Glaucoma Service, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary Boston, MA, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23386860

Citation

Pasquale, Louis R., et al. "Exploring Genome-wide - Dietary Heme Iron Intake Interactions and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes." Frontiers in Genetics, vol. 4, 2013, p. 7.
Pasquale LR, Loomis SJ, Aschard H, et al. Exploring genome-wide - dietary heme iron intake interactions and the risk of type 2 diabetes. Front Genet. 2013;4:7.
Pasquale, L. R., Loomis, S. J., Aschard, H., Kang, J. H., Cornelis, M. C., Qi, L., ... Hu, F. B. (2013). Exploring genome-wide - dietary heme iron intake interactions and the risk of type 2 diabetes. Frontiers in Genetics, 4, p. 7. doi:10.3389/fgene.2013.00007.
Pasquale LR, et al. Exploring Genome-wide - Dietary Heme Iron Intake Interactions and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Front Genet. 2013;4:7. PubMed PMID: 23386860.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Exploring genome-wide - dietary heme iron intake interactions and the risk of type 2 diabetes. AU - Pasquale,Louis R, AU - Loomis,Stephanie J, AU - Aschard,Hugues, AU - Kang,Jae H, AU - Cornelis,Marilyn C, AU - Qi,Lu, AU - Kraft,Peter, AU - Hu,Frank B, Y1 - 2013/01/30/ PY - 2012/10/23/received PY - 2013/01/08/accepted PY - 2013/2/7/entrez PY - 2013/2/7/pubmed PY - 2013/2/7/medline KW - dietary heme iron KW - gene environment interactions KW - pathway analysis KW - type 2 diabetes SP - 7 EP - 7 JF - Frontiers in genetics JO - Front Genet VL - 4 N2 - AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Genome-wide association studies have identified over 50 new genetic loci for type 2 diabetes (T2D). Several studies conclude that higher dietary heme iron intake increases the risk of T2D. Therefore we assessed whether the relation between genetic loci and T2D is modified by dietary heme iron intake. METHODS: We used Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human 6.0 array data [681,770 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)] and dietary information collected in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (n = 725 cases; n = 1,273 controls) and the Nurses' Health Study (n = 1,081 cases; n = 1,692 controls). We assessed whether genome-wide SNPs or iron metabolism SNPs interacted with dietary heme iron intake in relation to T2D, testing for associations in each cohort separately and then meta-analyzing to pool the results. Finally, we created 1,000 synthetic pathways matched to an iron metabolism pathway on number of genes, and number of SNPs in each gene. We compared the iron metabolic pathway SNPs with these synthetic SNP assemblies in their relation to T2D to assess if the pathway as a whole interacts with dietary heme iron intake. RESULTS: Using a genomic approach, we found no significant gene-environment interactions with dietary heme iron intake in relation to T2D at a Bonferroni corrected genome-wide significance level of 7.33 ×10(-) (8) (top SNP in pooled analysis: intergenic rs10980508; p = 1.03 × 10(-) (6)). Furthermore, no SNP in the iron metabolic pathway significantly interacted with dietary heme iron intake at a Bonferroni corrected significance level of 2.10 × 10(-) (4) (top SNP in pooled analysis: rs1805313; p = 1.14 × 10(-) (3)). Finally, neither the main genetic effects (pooled empirical p by SNP = 0.41), nor gene - dietary heme-iron interactions (pooled empirical p-value for the interactions = 0.72) were significant for the iron metabolic pathway as a whole. CONCLUSIONS: We found no significant interactions between dietary heme iron intake and common SNPs in relation to T2D. SN - 1664-8021 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23386860/Exploring_genome_wide___dietary_heme_iron_intake_interactions_and_the_risk_of_type_2_diabetes_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2013.00007 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -