Brain Gαi2-subunit protein-gated pathways are required to mediate the centrally evoked sympathoinhibitory mechanisms activated to maintain sodium homeostasis.J Hypertens 2013; 31(4):747-57JH
We have previously demonstrated a role of GPCR-activated brain Gαi(2)-subunit protein-gated pathways in the natriuretic responses evoked by exogenous central α(2)-adrenoceptor activation and acute intravenous (i.v.) volume expansion in vivo. Our objective was to examine the role of brain Gαi(2) proteins in the integrated neural-humoral responses evoked by i.v. isovolumetric sodium loading, which does not alter mean arterial blood pressure or total blood volume, to maintain sodium homeostasis in conscious Sprague-Dawley rats.
Intact or chronic bilateral renal denervated (RDNX) rats were pretreated intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) with a scrambled or Gαi(2) oligodeoxynucleotide to selectively downregulate brain Gαi(2) proteins. On the day of study, an i.v. isovolumetric sodium load (1 mol/l NaCl) was administered.
In naive and scrambled oligodeoxynucleotide groups, i.v. sodium loading evoked profound natriuresis, suppression of plasma renin activity (PRA) and global sympathoinhibition. Prior downregulation of brain Gαi(2) proteins significantly attenuated the natriuretic response [peak ΔUNaV (μeq/μl); scrambled 22 ± 2 vs. Gαi(2) 13 ± 2, P < 0.05] and abolished the sympathoinhibitory response [peak Δplasma norepinephrine (% control); SCR -72 ± 8 vs. Gαi(2) -7 ± 5, P < 0.05] without attenuating PRA suppression to sodium loading. In RDNX rats, Gαi(2) oligodeoxynucleotide pretreatment failed to attenuate the natriuretic response [peak ΔUNaV (μeq/μl); RDNX and scrambled 19 ± 3 vs. RDNX and Gαi(2) 20 ± 2] and only partially prevented the sympathoinhibitory response to i.v. sodium loading.
These studies reveal a brain Gαi(2)-subunit protein-mediated (renin-angiotensin system-independent) sympathoinhibitory pathway that has a critical role in the central neural mechanisms activated to maintain fluid and electrolyte homeostasis.