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Nurse managers' preferred and perceived leadership styles: a study at an Italian hospital.
J Nurs Manag. 2013 Apr; 21(3):521-8.JN

Abstract

AIM

The aim of this cross-sectional descriptive study was to compare the different leadership styles based on perceptions of nurse managers and their staff.

BACKGROUND

Nurse managers' styles are fundamental to improving subordinates' performance and achieving goals at health-care institutions.

METHODS

This was a cross-sectional study. A questionnaire developed by Ekvall & Arvonen, considering three leadership domains (Change, Production and Employee relations), was administered to all nurse managers and to their subordinates at a city hospital in north-east Italy.

RESULTS

The comparison between the leadership styles actually adopted and those preferred by the nurse managers showed that the preferred style always scored higher than the style adopted, the difference reaching statistical significance for Change and Production. The leadership styles preferred by subordinates always scored higher than the styles their nurse managers actually adopted; in the subordinates' opinion, the differences being statistically significant in all three leadership domains.

IMPLICATION FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT

The study showed that nurse managers' expectations in relation to their leadership differ from those of their subordinates. These findings should be borne in mind when selecting and training nurse managers and other personnel, and they should influence the hospital's strategic management of nurses.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Pediatric Nursing, Padova University Hospital, Padova, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23405910

Citation

Zampieron, Alessandra, et al. "Nurse Managers' Preferred and Perceived Leadership Styles: a Study at an Italian Hospital." Journal of Nursing Management, vol. 21, no. 3, 2013, pp. 521-8.
Zampieron A, Spanio D, Bernardi P, et al. Nurse managers' preferred and perceived leadership styles: a study at an Italian hospital. J Nurs Manag. 2013;21(3):521-8.
Zampieron, A., Spanio, D., Bernardi, P., Milan, R., & Buja, A. (2013). Nurse managers' preferred and perceived leadership styles: a study at an Italian hospital. Journal of Nursing Management, 21(3), 521-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2834.2012.01358.x
Zampieron A, et al. Nurse Managers' Preferred and Perceived Leadership Styles: a Study at an Italian Hospital. J Nurs Manag. 2013;21(3):521-8. PubMed PMID: 23405910.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nurse managers' preferred and perceived leadership styles: a study at an Italian hospital. AU - Zampieron,Alessandra, AU - Spanio,Daniele, AU - Bernardi,Paola, AU - Milan,Rosalia, AU - Buja,Alessandra, Y1 - 2012/05/09/ PY - 2013/2/15/entrez PY - 2013/2/15/pubmed PY - 2014/2/14/medline SP - 521 EP - 8 JF - Journal of nursing management JO - J Nurs Manag VL - 21 IS - 3 N2 - AIM: The aim of this cross-sectional descriptive study was to compare the different leadership styles based on perceptions of nurse managers and their staff. BACKGROUND: Nurse managers' styles are fundamental to improving subordinates' performance and achieving goals at health-care institutions. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. A questionnaire developed by Ekvall & Arvonen, considering three leadership domains (Change, Production and Employee relations), was administered to all nurse managers and to their subordinates at a city hospital in north-east Italy. RESULTS: The comparison between the leadership styles actually adopted and those preferred by the nurse managers showed that the preferred style always scored higher than the style adopted, the difference reaching statistical significance for Change and Production. The leadership styles preferred by subordinates always scored higher than the styles their nurse managers actually adopted; in the subordinates' opinion, the differences being statistically significant in all three leadership domains. IMPLICATION FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: The study showed that nurse managers' expectations in relation to their leadership differ from those of their subordinates. These findings should be borne in mind when selecting and training nurse managers and other personnel, and they should influence the hospital's strategic management of nurses. SN - 1365-2834 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23405910/Nurse_managers'_preferred_and_perceived_leadership_styles:_a_study_at_an_Italian_hospital_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2834.2012.01358.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -