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Baksbat (broken courage): a trauma-based cultural syndrome in Cambodia.
Med Anthropol. 2013; 32(2):160-73.MA

Abstract

Whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) sufficiently explains and encompasses the symptoms experienced by people from non-Western cultures is debatable. The etymological, social, and historical contexts of idioms of distress experienced by Khmer, known as baksbat, were studied through interviews with 53 Cambodian experts. Phey-khlach (double fear), bor-veas-cheas-chgnay (wishing that the trauma would go away), dam-doeum-kor (planting a kapok tree-remaining mute), chos-nhorm (submissive, easily giving in), kob yobal (ideas are buried), and loss of togetherness, were all identified as specific symptoms of baksbat. Similarities and differences between symptoms of baksbat, PTSD, anxiety, and depression indicate that baksbat is a Cambodian idiom of distress with sufficient characteristics to be recognized as a formal cultural trauma syndrome distinct from PTSD. Increased awareness of its criteria and phenomenology may help clinicians provide appropriate support for traumatized Cambodians.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Transcultural Psychosocial Organization, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. sotheara@tpocambodia.org

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23406066

Citation

Chhim, Sotheara. "Baksbat (broken Courage): a Trauma-based Cultural Syndrome in Cambodia." Medical Anthropology, vol. 32, no. 2, 2013, pp. 160-73.
Chhim S. Baksbat (broken courage): a trauma-based cultural syndrome in Cambodia. Med Anthropol. 2013;32(2):160-73.
Chhim, S. (2013). Baksbat (broken courage): a trauma-based cultural syndrome in Cambodia. Medical Anthropology, 32(2), 160-73. https://doi.org/10.1080/01459740.2012.674078
Chhim S. Baksbat (broken Courage): a Trauma-based Cultural Syndrome in Cambodia. Med Anthropol. 2013;32(2):160-73. PubMed PMID: 23406066.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Baksbat (broken courage): a trauma-based cultural syndrome in Cambodia. A1 - Chhim,Sotheara, PY - 2013/2/15/entrez PY - 2013/2/15/pubmed PY - 2013/4/24/medline SP - 160 EP - 73 JF - Medical anthropology JO - Med Anthropol VL - 32 IS - 2 N2 - Whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) sufficiently explains and encompasses the symptoms experienced by people from non-Western cultures is debatable. The etymological, social, and historical contexts of idioms of distress experienced by Khmer, known as baksbat, were studied through interviews with 53 Cambodian experts. Phey-khlach (double fear), bor-veas-cheas-chgnay (wishing that the trauma would go away), dam-doeum-kor (planting a kapok tree-remaining mute), chos-nhorm (submissive, easily giving in), kob yobal (ideas are buried), and loss of togetherness, were all identified as specific symptoms of baksbat. Similarities and differences between symptoms of baksbat, PTSD, anxiety, and depression indicate that baksbat is a Cambodian idiom of distress with sufficient characteristics to be recognized as a formal cultural trauma syndrome distinct from PTSD. Increased awareness of its criteria and phenomenology may help clinicians provide appropriate support for traumatized Cambodians. SN - 1545-5882 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23406066/Baksbat__broken_courage_:_a_trauma_based_cultural_syndrome_in_Cambodia_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/01459740.2012.674078 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -