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Acyl spermidines in inflorescence extracts of elder (Sambucus nigra L., Adoxaceae) and elderflower drinks.
J Agric Food Chem. 2013 Apr 10; 61(14):3501-8.JA

Abstract

LC-UV-MS analyses of inflorescence extracts of Sambucus nigra L. (elder, Adoxaceae) revealed the presence of numerous acyl spermidines, with isomers of N,N-diferuloylspermidine and N-acetyl-N,N-diferuloylspermidine being most abundant. Pollen was the main source of the acyl spermidines in the inflorescence. Three of the major acyl spermidines were isolated and their structures determined by NMR spectroscopy as N⁵,N¹⁰-di-(E,E)-feruloylspermidine and the new compounds N¹-acetyl-N⁵,N¹⁰-di-(Z,E)-feruloylspermidine and N¹-acetyl-N⁵,N¹⁰-di-(E,E)-feruloylspermidine. An isomer of N,N,N-triferuloylspermidine was also obtained and identified as N¹,N⁵,N¹⁰-tri-(E,E,E)-feruloylspermidine. In addition to stereoisomers of the isolated acyl spermidines, other acyl spermidines detected by the positive ion LC-UV-MS were isomers of N-caffeoyl-N,N-diferuloylspermidine, N-coumaroyl-N,N-diferuloylspermidine, N-caffeoyl-N-feruloylspermidine, N-coumaroyl-N-feruloylspermidine, N-acetyl-N-caffeoyl-N-feruloylspermidine, and N-acetyl-N-coumaroyl-N-feruloylspermidine. Analysis of commercial elderflower drinks showed that acyl spermidines were persistent in these processed elderflower products. Examination of inflorescence extracts from Sambucus canadensis L. (American elder) revealed the presence of acyl spermidines that were different from those of S. nigra.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, United Kingdom.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23406267

Citation

Kite, Geoffrey C., et al. "Acyl Spermidines in Inflorescence Extracts of Elder (Sambucus Nigra L., Adoxaceae) and Elderflower Drinks." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 61, no. 14, 2013, pp. 3501-8.
Kite GC, Larsson S, Veitch NC, et al. Acyl spermidines in inflorescence extracts of elder (Sambucus nigra L., Adoxaceae) and elderflower drinks. J Agric Food Chem. 2013;61(14):3501-8.
Kite, G. C., Larsson, S., Veitch, N. C., Porter, E. A., Ding, N., & Simmonds, M. S. (2013). Acyl spermidines in inflorescence extracts of elder (Sambucus nigra L., Adoxaceae) and elderflower drinks. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 61(14), 3501-8. https://doi.org/10.1021/jf304602q
Kite GC, et al. Acyl Spermidines in Inflorescence Extracts of Elder (Sambucus Nigra L., Adoxaceae) and Elderflower Drinks. J Agric Food Chem. 2013 Apr 10;61(14):3501-8. PubMed PMID: 23406267.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acyl spermidines in inflorescence extracts of elder (Sambucus nigra L., Adoxaceae) and elderflower drinks. AU - Kite,Geoffrey C, AU - Larsson,Sonny, AU - Veitch,Nigel C, AU - Porter,Elaine A, AU - Ding,Ning, AU - Simmonds,Monique S J, Y1 - 2013/03/26/ PY - 2013/2/15/entrez PY - 2013/2/15/pubmed PY - 2013/12/18/medline SP - 3501 EP - 8 JF - Journal of agricultural and food chemistry JO - J Agric Food Chem VL - 61 IS - 14 N2 - LC-UV-MS analyses of inflorescence extracts of Sambucus nigra L. (elder, Adoxaceae) revealed the presence of numerous acyl spermidines, with isomers of N,N-diferuloylspermidine and N-acetyl-N,N-diferuloylspermidine being most abundant. Pollen was the main source of the acyl spermidines in the inflorescence. Three of the major acyl spermidines were isolated and their structures determined by NMR spectroscopy as N⁵,N¹⁰-di-(E,E)-feruloylspermidine and the new compounds N¹-acetyl-N⁵,N¹⁰-di-(Z,E)-feruloylspermidine and N¹-acetyl-N⁵,N¹⁰-di-(E,E)-feruloylspermidine. An isomer of N,N,N-triferuloylspermidine was also obtained and identified as N¹,N⁵,N¹⁰-tri-(E,E,E)-feruloylspermidine. In addition to stereoisomers of the isolated acyl spermidines, other acyl spermidines detected by the positive ion LC-UV-MS were isomers of N-caffeoyl-N,N-diferuloylspermidine, N-coumaroyl-N,N-diferuloylspermidine, N-caffeoyl-N-feruloylspermidine, N-coumaroyl-N-feruloylspermidine, N-acetyl-N-caffeoyl-N-feruloylspermidine, and N-acetyl-N-coumaroyl-N-feruloylspermidine. Analysis of commercial elderflower drinks showed that acyl spermidines were persistent in these processed elderflower products. Examination of inflorescence extracts from Sambucus canadensis L. (American elder) revealed the presence of acyl spermidines that were different from those of S. nigra. SN - 1520-5118 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23406267/Acyl_spermidines_in_inflorescence_extracts_of_elder__Sambucus_nigra_L__Adoxaceae__and_elderflower_drinks_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1021/jf304602q DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -