Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Predictors of intimate partner violence revictimization: the relative impact of distinct PTSD symptoms, dissociation, and coping strategies.
J Trauma Stress. 2013 Feb; 26(1):102-10.JT

Abstract

Psychological distress and coping strategies following intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization may impact survivors' risk for future IPV. The current study prospectively examined the impact of distinct posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters (reexperiencing, avoidance, numbing, and hyperarousal), dissociation, and coping strategies (engagement and disengagement coping) on IPV revictimization among recently abused women. Women (N = 69) who were seeking services for IPV and experienced their most recent episode of physical IPV between 2 weeks and 6 months prior to study enrollment completed measures of physical IPV, psychological distress, and coping strategies at baseline and at 6-month follow-up. The women averaged 36 years of age and 67% of the sample was African American. Separate Poisson regression analyses revealed that PTSD hyperarousal symptoms, dissociation, engagement coping, and disengagement coping each significantly predicted physical IPV revictimization at the 6-month follow-up (with effect sizes ranging from a 1.20-1.34 increase in the likelihood of Time 2 physical IPV with a 1 SD increase in the predictor). When these significant predictors were examined together in a single Poisson regression model, only engagement and disengagement coping were found to predict physical IPV revictimization such that disengagement coping was associated with higher revictimization risk (1.29 increase in the likelihood of Time 2 physical IPV with one SD increase in disengagement coping) and engagement coping was associated with lower revictimization risk (1.30 decrease in the likelihood of Time 2 physical IPV with one SD increase in engagement coping). The current findings suggest that coping strategies are important and potentially malleable predictors of physical IPV revictimization.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Women's Health Sciences Division of the National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA 02130, USA. katherine.iverson@va.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23417878

Citation

Iverson, Katherine M., et al. "Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence Revictimization: the Relative Impact of Distinct PTSD Symptoms, Dissociation, and Coping Strategies." Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 26, no. 1, 2013, pp. 102-10.
Iverson KM, Litwack SD, Pineles SL, et al. Predictors of intimate partner violence revictimization: the relative impact of distinct PTSD symptoms, dissociation, and coping strategies. J Trauma Stress. 2013;26(1):102-10.
Iverson, K. M., Litwack, S. D., Pineles, S. L., Suvak, M. K., Vaughn, R. A., & Resick, P. A. (2013). Predictors of intimate partner violence revictimization: the relative impact of distinct PTSD symptoms, dissociation, and coping strategies. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 26(1), 102-10. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21781
Iverson KM, et al. Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence Revictimization: the Relative Impact of Distinct PTSD Symptoms, Dissociation, and Coping Strategies. J Trauma Stress. 2013;26(1):102-10. PubMed PMID: 23417878.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Predictors of intimate partner violence revictimization: the relative impact of distinct PTSD symptoms, dissociation, and coping strategies. AU - Iverson,Katherine M, AU - Litwack,Scott D, AU - Pineles,Suzanne L, AU - Suvak,Michael K, AU - Vaughn,Rachel A, AU - Resick,Patricia A, PY - 2012/05/23/received PY - 2012/08/07/revised PY - 2012/08/15/accepted PY - 2013/2/19/entrez PY - 2013/2/19/pubmed PY - 2013/8/24/medline SP - 102 EP - 10 JF - Journal of traumatic stress JO - J Trauma Stress VL - 26 IS - 1 N2 - Psychological distress and coping strategies following intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization may impact survivors' risk for future IPV. The current study prospectively examined the impact of distinct posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters (reexperiencing, avoidance, numbing, and hyperarousal), dissociation, and coping strategies (engagement and disengagement coping) on IPV revictimization among recently abused women. Women (N = 69) who were seeking services for IPV and experienced their most recent episode of physical IPV between 2 weeks and 6 months prior to study enrollment completed measures of physical IPV, psychological distress, and coping strategies at baseline and at 6-month follow-up. The women averaged 36 years of age and 67% of the sample was African American. Separate Poisson regression analyses revealed that PTSD hyperarousal symptoms, dissociation, engagement coping, and disengagement coping each significantly predicted physical IPV revictimization at the 6-month follow-up (with effect sizes ranging from a 1.20-1.34 increase in the likelihood of Time 2 physical IPV with a 1 SD increase in the predictor). When these significant predictors were examined together in a single Poisson regression model, only engagement and disengagement coping were found to predict physical IPV revictimization such that disengagement coping was associated with higher revictimization risk (1.29 increase in the likelihood of Time 2 physical IPV with one SD increase in disengagement coping) and engagement coping was associated with lower revictimization risk (1.30 decrease in the likelihood of Time 2 physical IPV with one SD increase in engagement coping). The current findings suggest that coping strategies are important and potentially malleable predictors of physical IPV revictimization. SN - 1573-6598 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23417878/Predictors_of_intimate_partner_violence_revictimization:_the_relative_impact_of_distinct_PTSD_symptoms_dissociation_and_coping_strategies_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.21781 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -