Association of hepatic insulin resistance indexes to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and related biomarkers.Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2013 Dec; 23(12):1182-7.NM
BACKGROUND AND AIMS
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is linked with insulin resistance, however, if it is differentially associated with surrogate hepatic insulin resistance indexes is still undefined. We examined the relationship between these indexes, NAFLD and its related biomarkers (alanine aminotransferase [ALT], aspartate aminotransferase [AST], gamma-glutamyltransferase [GGT], alkaline phosphatase [ALK], high-sensitive C reactive protein [hsCRP], insulin-like growth factor-1 [IGF-1]).
METHODS AND RESULTS
473 Caucasians subjects underwent liver ultrasonography and oral glucose tolerance tests; homeostasis model assessment (HOMA), glucose(0-30) (area under the curve [AUC]) × insulin(0-30) (AUC) and liver insulin resistance (liver IR) indexes were computed. Liver IR index correlated more strongly than HOMA with GGT, ALK, hsCRP, ALT and AST and more strongly than glucose(0-30) (AUC) × insulin(0-30) (AUC) index with ALT, AST, GGT, ALK, hsCRP, and IGF-1. The ability of these indexes to identify NAFLD was evaluated by the area under the ROC curve; the ROC AUC for liver IR index was higher (0.733) than the ones for HOMA (0.685) and glucose(0-30) (AUC) × insulin(0-30) (AUC) (0.663) indexes. In a logistic regression model subjects in the highest quartile of the three indexes had a higher risk of having NAFLD than those in the lowest quartile (9.85-, 5.12- or 3.99-fold higher for liver IR index, HOMA, glucose(0-30) (AUC) × insulin(0-30) (AUC) index respectively).
we documented significant cross-sectional associations of NAFLD and liver biomarkers with three validated indexes of hepatic insulin resistance, with liver IR index showing the stronger correlation.