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Physicochemical and antioxidant properties of Malaysian honeys produced by Apis cerana, Apis dorsata and Apis mellifera.
BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Feb 23; 13:43.BC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the physicochemical and antioxidant properties of Malaysian monofloral honey samples-acacia, pineapple and borneo honey-and compare them with tualang honey. Acacia and pineapple honey are produced by Apis mellifera bees while borneo and tualang honey are produced by Apis cerana and Apis dorsata bees, respectively.

METHODS

The physical parameters of honey, such as pH, moisture content, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), color intensity, total sugar and apparent sucrose content, were measured. Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) was measured using high performance liquid chromatography, and a number of biochemical and antioxidant tests were performed to determine the antioxidant properties of the honey samples.

RESULTS

Acacia honey was the most acidic (pH 3.53), whereas pineapple honey had the lowest moisture content (14.86%), indicating that both types of honey can resist microbial spoilage more effectively when compared to tualang honey (pH 3.80 and 17.53% moisture content). Acacia honey contained the highest EC (0.76 mS/cm), whereas borneo honey had the highest (377 ppm) TDS. The mean HMF content in Malaysian honey was 35.98 mg/kg. Tualang honey, which is amber color, had the highest color intensity (544.33 mAU). Acacia honey is the sweetest, and contained the highest concentration of total sugar, reducing sugar and apparent sucrose. Tualang honey had the highest concentration of phenolic compounds (352.73 ± 0.81 mg galic acid/kg), flavonoids (65.65 ± 0.74 mg catechin/kg), DPPH (59.89%), FRAP values (576.91 ± 0.64 μM Fe (II)/100 g) and protein content (4.83 ± 0.02 g/kg) as well as the lowest AEAC values (244.10 ± 5.24 mg/kg), indicating its strong antioxidant properties. Proline, an important amino acid that is present in honey was also measured in the present study and it was found at the highest concentration in pineapple honey. Several strong correlations were found among the biochemical and antioxidant parameters of all the Malaysian honeys.

CONCLUSION

Although Malaysian honeys are of good quality, tualang honey contains the strongest antioxidant properties by far.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmacology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan 16150, Malaysia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23433009

Citation

Moniruzzaman, Mohammed, et al. "Physicochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Malaysian Honeys Produced By Apis Cerana, Apis Dorsata and Apis Mellifera." BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 13, 2013, p. 43.
Moniruzzaman M, Khalil MI, Sulaiman SA, et al. Physicochemical and antioxidant properties of Malaysian honeys produced by Apis cerana, Apis dorsata and Apis mellifera. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013;13:43.
Moniruzzaman, M., Khalil, M. I., Sulaiman, S. A., & Gan, S. H. (2013). Physicochemical and antioxidant properties of Malaysian honeys produced by Apis cerana, Apis dorsata and Apis mellifera. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 13, 43. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6882-13-43
Moniruzzaman M, et al. Physicochemical and Antioxidant Properties of Malaysian Honeys Produced By Apis Cerana, Apis Dorsata and Apis Mellifera. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 Feb 23;13:43. PubMed PMID: 23433009.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Physicochemical and antioxidant properties of Malaysian honeys produced by Apis cerana, Apis dorsata and Apis mellifera. AU - Moniruzzaman,Mohammed, AU - Khalil,Md Ibrahim, AU - Sulaiman,Siti Amrah, AU - Gan,Siew Hua, Y1 - 2013/02/23/ PY - 2012/10/13/received PY - 2013/02/08/accepted PY - 2013/2/26/entrez PY - 2013/2/26/pubmed PY - 2013/6/19/medline SP - 43 EP - 43 JF - BMC complementary and alternative medicine JO - BMC Complement Altern Med VL - 13 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the physicochemical and antioxidant properties of Malaysian monofloral honey samples-acacia, pineapple and borneo honey-and compare them with tualang honey. Acacia and pineapple honey are produced by Apis mellifera bees while borneo and tualang honey are produced by Apis cerana and Apis dorsata bees, respectively. METHODS: The physical parameters of honey, such as pH, moisture content, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), color intensity, total sugar and apparent sucrose content, were measured. Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) was measured using high performance liquid chromatography, and a number of biochemical and antioxidant tests were performed to determine the antioxidant properties of the honey samples. RESULTS: Acacia honey was the most acidic (pH 3.53), whereas pineapple honey had the lowest moisture content (14.86%), indicating that both types of honey can resist microbial spoilage more effectively when compared to tualang honey (pH 3.80 and 17.53% moisture content). Acacia honey contained the highest EC (0.76 mS/cm), whereas borneo honey had the highest (377 ppm) TDS. The mean HMF content in Malaysian honey was 35.98 mg/kg. Tualang honey, which is amber color, had the highest color intensity (544.33 mAU). Acacia honey is the sweetest, and contained the highest concentration of total sugar, reducing sugar and apparent sucrose. Tualang honey had the highest concentration of phenolic compounds (352.73 ± 0.81 mg galic acid/kg), flavonoids (65.65 ± 0.74 mg catechin/kg), DPPH (59.89%), FRAP values (576.91 ± 0.64 μM Fe (II)/100 g) and protein content (4.83 ± 0.02 g/kg) as well as the lowest AEAC values (244.10 ± 5.24 mg/kg), indicating its strong antioxidant properties. Proline, an important amino acid that is present in honey was also measured in the present study and it was found at the highest concentration in pineapple honey. Several strong correlations were found among the biochemical and antioxidant parameters of all the Malaysian honeys. CONCLUSION: Although Malaysian honeys are of good quality, tualang honey contains the strongest antioxidant properties by far. SN - 1472-6882 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23433009/Physicochemical_and_antioxidant_properties_of_Malaysian_honeys_produced_by_Apis_cerana_Apis_dorsata_and_Apis_mellifera_ L2 - https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6882-13-43 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -