Nutrition and the kidney: recommendations for peritoneal dialysis.Adv Chronic Kidney Dis. 2013 Mar; 20(2):190-201.AC
Protein energy wasting (PEW) is highly prevalent in peritoneal dialysis (PD) and is associated with poor outcomes, including hospitalization and mortality. Recognizing and diagnosing PEW in PD is important; although studies are limited, there are interventions that may be associated with improved outcomes. In this review of nutritional aspects of PD, we highlight some of the important causes of PEW and explore the current diagnostic tools that are used to assess PEW. Finally, we discuss the established and experimental therapies for PEW in PD.