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Injury rates, types, mechanisms and risk factors in female youth ice hockey.
Br J Sports Med. 2014 Jan; 48(1):51-6.BJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The objectives of this cohort study were to examine the rate, types, mechanisms and risk factors for injury in female youth (ages 9-17) ice hockey players in the Girls Hockey Calgary Association.

METHODS

The main outcome was ice hockey injury, defined as any injury occurring during the 2008/2009 season that required medical attention, and/or removal from a session and/or missing a subsequent session. Potential risk factors included age group, level of play, previous injury, ice hockey experience, physical activity level, weight, height, position of play and menarche. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) were estimated with Poisson Regression adjusted for cluster (team). Exposure data were collected for every session for each participating player.

RESULTS

Twenty-eight teams (n=324) from Atom (ages 9-10), PeeWee (11-12), Bantam (13-14) and Midget (15-17) participated with 53 reported injuries. The overall injury rate was 1.9 injuries/1000 player-hours (95% CI 1.4 to 2.7). Previous injury (IRR=2.7, 95% CI 1.7 to 4.3), games (IRR=2.1, 95% CI 1.1 to 4.2), menarche (PeeWee) (IRR=4.1, 95% CI 1.0 to 16.8) were significant risk factors. In Midget, the more elite divisions were associated with a lower injury risk (A-IRR=0.2, 95% CI 0.1 to 0.5) (AAA-IRR=0.5, 95% CI 0.2 to 0.9).

CONCLUSIONS

Injury rates were lower in this study than previously found in male youth and women's ice hockey populations. Previous injury and game play as risk factors are consistent with the literature. Menarche as a risk factor is a new finding in this study. This research will inform future studies of the development of injury prevention strategies in this population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, , Calgary, Alberta, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23446642

Citation

Decloe, Melissa D., et al. "Injury Rates, Types, Mechanisms and Risk Factors in Female Youth Ice Hockey." British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 48, no. 1, 2014, pp. 51-6.
Decloe MD, Meeuwisse WH, Hagel BE, et al. Injury rates, types, mechanisms and risk factors in female youth ice hockey. Br J Sports Med. 2014;48(1):51-6.
Decloe, M. D., Meeuwisse, W. H., Hagel, B. E., & Emery, C. A. (2014). Injury rates, types, mechanisms and risk factors in female youth ice hockey. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(1), 51-6. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2012-091653
Decloe MD, et al. Injury Rates, Types, Mechanisms and Risk Factors in Female Youth Ice Hockey. Br J Sports Med. 2014;48(1):51-6. PubMed PMID: 23446642.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Injury rates, types, mechanisms and risk factors in female youth ice hockey. AU - Decloe,Melissa D, AU - Meeuwisse,Willem H, AU - Hagel,Brent E, AU - Emery,Carolyn A, Y1 - 2013/02/27/ PY - 2013/3/1/entrez PY - 2013/3/1/pubmed PY - 2014/10/3/medline KW - Children's injuries KW - Concussion KW - Epidemiology KW - Ice hockey KW - Injury Prevention SP - 51 EP - 6 JF - British journal of sports medicine JO - Br J Sports Med VL - 48 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The objectives of this cohort study were to examine the rate, types, mechanisms and risk factors for injury in female youth (ages 9-17) ice hockey players in the Girls Hockey Calgary Association. METHODS: The main outcome was ice hockey injury, defined as any injury occurring during the 2008/2009 season that required medical attention, and/or removal from a session and/or missing a subsequent session. Potential risk factors included age group, level of play, previous injury, ice hockey experience, physical activity level, weight, height, position of play and menarche. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) were estimated with Poisson Regression adjusted for cluster (team). Exposure data were collected for every session for each participating player. RESULTS: Twenty-eight teams (n=324) from Atom (ages 9-10), PeeWee (11-12), Bantam (13-14) and Midget (15-17) participated with 53 reported injuries. The overall injury rate was 1.9 injuries/1000 player-hours (95% CI 1.4 to 2.7). Previous injury (IRR=2.7, 95% CI 1.7 to 4.3), games (IRR=2.1, 95% CI 1.1 to 4.2), menarche (PeeWee) (IRR=4.1, 95% CI 1.0 to 16.8) were significant risk factors. In Midget, the more elite divisions were associated with a lower injury risk (A-IRR=0.2, 95% CI 0.1 to 0.5) (AAA-IRR=0.5, 95% CI 0.2 to 0.9). CONCLUSIONS: Injury rates were lower in this study than previously found in male youth and women's ice hockey populations. Previous injury and game play as risk factors are consistent with the literature. Menarche as a risk factor is a new finding in this study. This research will inform future studies of the development of injury prevention strategies in this population. SN - 1473-0480 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23446642/Injury_rates_types_mechanisms_and_risk_factors_in_female_youth_ice_hockey_ L2 - http://bjsm.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=23446642 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -