Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

[The use of natural and synthetic hydrophilic polymers in the formulation of metformin hydrochloride tablets with different profile release].
Polim Med. 2012; 42(3-4):167-84.PM

Abstract

AIM OF STUDY

Metformin hydrochloride after buformin and phenformin belongs to the group of biguanid derivatives used as oral anti-diabetic drugs. The object of the study is the technological analysis and the potential effect of biodegradable macromolecular polymers on the technological and therapeutic parameters of oral anti-diabetic medicinal products with metformin hydrochloride: Siofor, Formetic, Glucophage, Metformax in doses of 500mg and 1000mg and Glucophage XR in a dose of 500 mg of modified release.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Market therapeutic products containing 500 and 1000 mg of metformin hydrochloride in a normal formulation and 500 mg of metformin hydrochloride in a formulation of modified release were analyzed. Following research methods were used: technological analysis of tablets, study of disintegration time of tablets, evaluation of pharmaceutical availability of metformin hydrochloride from tested therapeutic products, mathematical and kinetic analysis of release profiles of metformin hydrochloride, statistical analysis of mean differences of release coefficients.

RESULTS

The percentage of excipients in the XR formulation is higher and constitutes 50.5% of a tablet mass. However, in standard formulations the percentage is lower, between 5.5% and 12.76%. On the basis of the results of disintegration time studies, the analysed therapeutic products can be divided into two groups, regardless the dose. The first one are preparations with faster (not fast!) disintegration: Glucophage i Metformax. The second group are preparations with slower disintegration, more balanced in the aspect of a high dose of the biologically active substance: Formetic and Siofor. Products with a lower content of excipients (Metformax, Glucophage) disintegrate in a faster way. The disintegration rate of the products with a higher content of excipients (Formetic, Siofor) is slower. The appearance of metformin hydrochloride concentration in the gastrointestinal contents, balanced in time, caused by a slower disintegration-dissolving of a tablet, is conducive to the reduction of gastrointestinal side effects and better tolerance of the therapeutic product by a patient. The study on pharmaceutical availability indicated relevant kinetic differences between tested therapeutic products. They are particularly visible between standard formulations and the one with prolonged release (Glucophage XR500). Its release profile bears features of kinetics similar to zero-order reactions.

CONCLUSIONS

Tested therapeutic products contain a large amount of the biologically active substance in relation to the content of excipients. A higher content of excipients in a single tablet mass distinguishes Siofor in comparison with Glucophage i Metformax. The excipients used in the formulations of tested preparations are comparable. A higher percentage of binding agents (HPMC, PVP) is observed, but there is a lack of typical disintegrants which results in a longer disintegration time up to 15 minutes. Siofor disintegrates at the same time as Formetic, but longer than Glucophage i Metformax. Considering the large content of the active substance and pharmacological properties of metformin hydrochloride, such a disintegration might have beneficial consequences, because the amount of the free active substance in the gastrointestinal tract will increase over the longer time period what will reduce the level of gastrointestinal side effects. The release profiles of metformin hydrochloride from tested therapeutic products are comparable. The Glucophage XR 500 formulation with the release kinetics of metformin hydrochloride similar to the zero-order kinetics is completely different from the others. The above is confirmed by the mathematical analysis of release profiles of metformin hydrochloride from tested preparations where equations of lines describing the release profile are characterized by similar values of correlation coefficients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Zakład Technologii Postaci Leku, Katedra Farmacji Stosowanej, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Łodzi. michal.kolodziejczyk@umed.lodz.plNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

pol

PubMed ID

23457958

Citation

Kołodziejczyk, Michał Krzysztof, et al. "[The Use of Natural and Synthetic Hydrophilic Polymers in the Formulation of Metformin Hydrochloride Tablets With Different Profile Release]." Polimery W Medycynie, vol. 42, no. 3-4, 2012, pp. 167-84.
Kołodziejczyk MK, Kołodziejska J, Zgoda MM. [The use of natural and synthetic hydrophilic polymers in the formulation of metformin hydrochloride tablets with different profile release]. Polim Med. 2012;42(3-4):167-84.
Kołodziejczyk, M. K., Kołodziejska, J., & Zgoda, M. M. (2012). [The use of natural and synthetic hydrophilic polymers in the formulation of metformin hydrochloride tablets with different profile release]. Polimery W Medycynie, 42(3-4), 167-84.
Kołodziejczyk MK, Kołodziejska J, Zgoda MM. [The Use of Natural and Synthetic Hydrophilic Polymers in the Formulation of Metformin Hydrochloride Tablets With Different Profile Release]. Polim Med. 2012;42(3-4):167-84. PubMed PMID: 23457958.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [The use of natural and synthetic hydrophilic polymers in the formulation of metformin hydrochloride tablets with different profile release]. AU - Kołodziejczyk,Michał Krzysztof, AU - Kołodziejska,Justyna, AU - Zgoda,Marian Mikołaj, PY - 2013/3/6/entrez PY - 2012/1/1/pubmed PY - 2013/3/21/medline SP - 167 EP - 84 JF - Polimery w medycynie JO - Polim Med VL - 42 IS - 3-4 N2 - AIM OF STUDY: Metformin hydrochloride after buformin and phenformin belongs to the group of biguanid derivatives used as oral anti-diabetic drugs. The object of the study is the technological analysis and the potential effect of biodegradable macromolecular polymers on the technological and therapeutic parameters of oral anti-diabetic medicinal products with metformin hydrochloride: Siofor, Formetic, Glucophage, Metformax in doses of 500mg and 1000mg and Glucophage XR in a dose of 500 mg of modified release. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Market therapeutic products containing 500 and 1000 mg of metformin hydrochloride in a normal formulation and 500 mg of metformin hydrochloride in a formulation of modified release were analyzed. Following research methods were used: technological analysis of tablets, study of disintegration time of tablets, evaluation of pharmaceutical availability of metformin hydrochloride from tested therapeutic products, mathematical and kinetic analysis of release profiles of metformin hydrochloride, statistical analysis of mean differences of release coefficients. RESULTS: The percentage of excipients in the XR formulation is higher and constitutes 50.5% of a tablet mass. However, in standard formulations the percentage is lower, between 5.5% and 12.76%. On the basis of the results of disintegration time studies, the analysed therapeutic products can be divided into two groups, regardless the dose. The first one are preparations with faster (not fast!) disintegration: Glucophage i Metformax. The second group are preparations with slower disintegration, more balanced in the aspect of a high dose of the biologically active substance: Formetic and Siofor. Products with a lower content of excipients (Metformax, Glucophage) disintegrate in a faster way. The disintegration rate of the products with a higher content of excipients (Formetic, Siofor) is slower. The appearance of metformin hydrochloride concentration in the gastrointestinal contents, balanced in time, caused by a slower disintegration-dissolving of a tablet, is conducive to the reduction of gastrointestinal side effects and better tolerance of the therapeutic product by a patient. The study on pharmaceutical availability indicated relevant kinetic differences between tested therapeutic products. They are particularly visible between standard formulations and the one with prolonged release (Glucophage XR500). Its release profile bears features of kinetics similar to zero-order reactions. CONCLUSIONS: Tested therapeutic products contain a large amount of the biologically active substance in relation to the content of excipients. A higher content of excipients in a single tablet mass distinguishes Siofor in comparison with Glucophage i Metformax. The excipients used in the formulations of tested preparations are comparable. A higher percentage of binding agents (HPMC, PVP) is observed, but there is a lack of typical disintegrants which results in a longer disintegration time up to 15 minutes. Siofor disintegrates at the same time as Formetic, but longer than Glucophage i Metformax. Considering the large content of the active substance and pharmacological properties of metformin hydrochloride, such a disintegration might have beneficial consequences, because the amount of the free active substance in the gastrointestinal tract will increase over the longer time period what will reduce the level of gastrointestinal side effects. The release profiles of metformin hydrochloride from tested therapeutic products are comparable. The Glucophage XR 500 formulation with the release kinetics of metformin hydrochloride similar to the zero-order kinetics is completely different from the others. The above is confirmed by the mathematical analysis of release profiles of metformin hydrochloride from tested preparations where equations of lines describing the release profile are characterized by similar values of correlation coefficients. SN - 0370-0747 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23457958/[The_use_of_natural_and_synthetic_hydrophilic_polymers_in_the_formulation_of_metformin_hydrochloride_tablets_with_different_profile_release]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/diabetesmedicines.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -