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Endoscopic findings in upper gastrointestinal bleeding patients at Lacor hospital, northern Uganda.
Afr Health Sci. 2012 Dec; 12(4):518-21.AH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common emergency medical condition that may require hospitalization and resuscitation, and results in high patient morbidity. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is the preferred investigative procedure for UGIB because of its accuracy, low rate of complication, and its potential for therapeutic interventions.

OBJECTIVE

To determine the endoscopic findings in patients presenting with UGIB and its frequency among these patients according to gender and age in Lacor hospital, northern Uganda.

METHODS

The study was carried out at Lacor hospital, located at northern part of Uganda. The record of 224 patients who underwent endoscopy for upper gastrointestinal bleeding over a period of 5 years between January 2006 and December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed.

RESULTS

A total of 224 patients had endoscopy for UGIB which consisted of 113 (50.4%) males and 111 (49.6%) females, and the mean age was 42 years ± SD 15.88. The commonest cause of UGIB was esophagealvarices consisting of 40.6%, followed by esophagitis (14.7%), gastritis (12.6%) and peptic ulcer disease (duodenal and gastric ulcers) was 6.2%. The malignant conditions (gastric and esophageal cancers) contributed to 2.6%. Other less frequent causes of UGIB were hiatus hernia (1.8), duodenitis (0.9%), others-gastric polyp (0.4%). Normal endoscopic finding was 16.1% in patients who had UGIB.

CONCLUSIONS

Esophageal varices are the commonest cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in this environment as compared to the west which is mainly peptic ulcer disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Surgery, Endoscopy unit, Lacor Hospital, Uganda. nelsonalema@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23515280

Citation

Alema, O N., et al. "Endoscopic Findings in Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding Patients at Lacor Hospital, Northern Uganda." African Health Sciences, vol. 12, no. 4, 2012, pp. 518-21.
Alema ON, Martin DO, Okello TR. Endoscopic findings in upper gastrointestinal bleeding patients at Lacor hospital, northern Uganda. Afr Health Sci. 2012;12(4):518-21.
Alema, O. N., Martin, D. O., & Okello, T. R. (2012). Endoscopic findings in upper gastrointestinal bleeding patients at Lacor hospital, northern Uganda. African Health Sciences, 12(4), 518-21.
Alema ON, Martin DO, Okello TR. Endoscopic Findings in Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding Patients at Lacor Hospital, Northern Uganda. Afr Health Sci. 2012;12(4):518-21. PubMed PMID: 23515280.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Endoscopic findings in upper gastrointestinal bleeding patients at Lacor hospital, northern Uganda. AU - Alema,O N, AU - Martin,D O, AU - Okello,T R, PY - 2013/3/22/entrez PY - 2013/3/22/pubmed PY - 2013/8/7/medline KW - Endoscopy KW - Lacor hospital KW - upper gastrointestinal bleeding SP - 518 EP - 21 JF - African health sciences JO - Afr Health Sci VL - 12 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common emergency medical condition that may require hospitalization and resuscitation, and results in high patient morbidity. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is the preferred investigative procedure for UGIB because of its accuracy, low rate of complication, and its potential for therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVE: To determine the endoscopic findings in patients presenting with UGIB and its frequency among these patients according to gender and age in Lacor hospital, northern Uganda. METHODS: The study was carried out at Lacor hospital, located at northern part of Uganda. The record of 224 patients who underwent endoscopy for upper gastrointestinal bleeding over a period of 5 years between January 2006 and December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 224 patients had endoscopy for UGIB which consisted of 113 (50.4%) males and 111 (49.6%) females, and the mean age was 42 years ± SD 15.88. The commonest cause of UGIB was esophagealvarices consisting of 40.6%, followed by esophagitis (14.7%), gastritis (12.6%) and peptic ulcer disease (duodenal and gastric ulcers) was 6.2%. The malignant conditions (gastric and esophageal cancers) contributed to 2.6%. Other less frequent causes of UGIB were hiatus hernia (1.8), duodenitis (0.9%), others-gastric polyp (0.4%). Normal endoscopic finding was 16.1% in patients who had UGIB. CONCLUSIONS: Esophageal varices are the commonest cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in this environment as compared to the west which is mainly peptic ulcer disease. SN - 1729-0503 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23515280/Endoscopic_findings_in_upper_gastrointestinal_bleeding_patients_at_Lacor_hospital_northern_Uganda_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/23515280/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -