Sodium tanshinone IIA silate inhibits oxygen-glucose deprivation/recovery-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis via suppression of the NF-κB/TNF-α pathway.Br J Pharmacol. 2013 Jul; 169(5):1058-71.BJ
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
Inhibition of apoptosis may attenuate the irreversible injury associated with reperfusion. In the current study, we focused on the cytoprotective effects and the underlying mechanism of sodium tanshinone IIA silate (STS) against damage induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation/recovery (OGD/R). in H9c2 cardiomyocytes and the underlying mechanisms.
We used a model of cardiac ischaemia/reperfusion, OGD/R in H9c2 cardiomyocytes, to assess the cardioprotective effects of STS. Apoptosis of cells was measured with Hoechst 33342-based fluorescence microscopy, and annexin V-FITC-based flow cytometry. Caspase-3 and caspase-8 activities and mitochondrial membrane potential were also measured using commercial kits. TNF-α in the cell culture supernatant fractions were measured with sandwich elisa, and protein levels assayed using Western blot.
STS inhibited OGD/R-induced apoptosis by suppressing JNK-mediated activation of NF-κB, TNF-α expression, activation of caspase-3 and caspase-8 and the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Additionally, positive feedback between NF-κB and TNF-α and amplification of TNF-α were inhibited, suggesting that STS plays a protective role against apoptosis in cardiomyocytes, even upon activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Interestingly, the cytoprotective effects of STS on OGD/R-induced apoptosis and promotion of cell survival were attenuated after inhibition of PI3K.
CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS
The inhibitory effects of STS on TNF-α and positive feedback signalling of the NF-κB/TNF-α pathways may play important roles in myocardial protection against ischaemia/reperfusion. These protective effects of STS are mediated by suppressing JNK activity through activation of the PI3K-Akt pathway.