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Fish oil supplementation alters circulating eicosanoid concentrations in young healthy men.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Increasing omega-3 fatty acid (FA) intake, particularly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), is associated with numerous health benefits; however, the benefits on inflammation appear to vary depending on the study population examined. While improvements in inflammatory status have been reported in the elderly, there is less evidence regarding the effects of fish oil supplementation on inflammation in young adults. The goal of the present study was to examine the influence of fish oil supplementation on lipid metabolites and the inflammatory status of young healthy men.

MATERIALS/METHODS

Fasted serum samples were collected from 10 young healthy males (23.4 ± 1.7 years) before and after a 3-month supplementation of fish-oil containing 2.0g EPA and 1.0g DHA. Samples were analyzed to investigate changes in FA profiles, bioclinical parameters (e.g. triglyceride and hs-CRP), and a panel of 26 eicosanoids. Paired t-tests were used to evaluate changes between the time points.

RESULTS

Serum triglycerides decreased (P=0.0006) while the proportion of HDL-c (relative to total cholesterol) increased significantly (P=0.0495) after fish oil supplementation. Specific monounsaturated and polyunsaturated FA levels were changed following supplementation, including reductions in palmitoleic and oleic acid, and, as expected, increases in EPA and DHA. We also observed increases in eicosanoids, namely prostaglandin-F2α (P<0.0001) and thromboxane-B2 (P=0.0296), after fish oil supplementation.

CONCLUSIONS

A 3-month fish oil supplementation in young healthy men improved circulating triglyceride levels and the HDL-c ratio while, concomitantly, increasing the concentrations of two eicosanoids (prostaglandin-F2α and thromboxane-B2). This suggests that fish oil supplementation does have significant benefits in young healthy adults and that specific omega-6-derived eicosanoids can help to further our understanding regarding the beneficial link between omega-3 FA and inflammation.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences. University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G 2W1.

    , , ,

    Source

    Metabolism: clinical and experimental 62:8 2013 Aug pg 1107-13

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Dietary Supplements
    Dinoprost
    Docosahexaenoic Acids
    Eicosanoids
    Eicosapentaenoic Acid
    Fatty Acids
    Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated
    Fatty Acids, Unsaturated
    Fish Oils
    Humans
    Inflammation
    Lipids
    Male
    Thromboxane B2
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    23522836

    Citation

    Zulyniak, Michael A., et al. "Fish Oil Supplementation Alters Circulating Eicosanoid Concentrations in Young Healthy Men." Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, vol. 62, no. 8, 2013, pp. 1107-13.
    Zulyniak MA, Perreault M, Gerling C, et al. Fish oil supplementation alters circulating eicosanoid concentrations in young healthy men. Metab Clin Exp. 2013;62(8):1107-13.
    Zulyniak, M. A., Perreault, M., Gerling, C., Spriet, L. L., & Mutch, D. M. (2013). Fish oil supplementation alters circulating eicosanoid concentrations in young healthy men. Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental, 62(8), pp. 1107-13. doi:10.1016/j.metabol.2013.02.004.
    Zulyniak MA, et al. Fish Oil Supplementation Alters Circulating Eicosanoid Concentrations in Young Healthy Men. Metab Clin Exp. 2013;62(8):1107-13. PubMed PMID: 23522836.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Fish oil supplementation alters circulating eicosanoid concentrations in young healthy men. AU - Zulyniak,Michael A, AU - Perreault,Maude, AU - Gerling,Christopher, AU - Spriet,Lawrence L, AU - Mutch,David M, Y1 - 2013/03/21/ PY - 2012/12/13/received PY - 2013/02/13/revised PY - 2013/02/13/accepted PY - 2013/3/26/entrez PY - 2013/3/26/pubmed PY - 2013/10/1/medline KW - BMI KW - Body Mass Index KW - COX KW - Cyclooxygenase KW - DHA KW - Docosahexaenoic Acid KW - EPA KW - Eicosapentaenoic Acid KW - HDL-c KW - HETE KW - High-density lipoprotein cholesterol KW - Inflammation KW - LDL-c KW - LOX KW - Lipoxygenase KW - Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol KW - MUFA KW - Monounsaturated fatty acid KW - Omega-3 KW - PGF2α KW - PUFA KW - Polyunsaturated fatty acid KW - Prostaglandin-F2α KW - TXB2 KW - Thromboxane-B2 KW - Triglyceride KW - hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid SP - 1107 EP - 13 JF - Metabolism: clinical and experimental JO - Metab. Clin. Exp. VL - 62 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Increasing omega-3 fatty acid (FA) intake, particularly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), is associated with numerous health benefits; however, the benefits on inflammation appear to vary depending on the study population examined. While improvements in inflammatory status have been reported in the elderly, there is less evidence regarding the effects of fish oil supplementation on inflammation in young adults. The goal of the present study was to examine the influence of fish oil supplementation on lipid metabolites and the inflammatory status of young healthy men. MATERIALS/METHODS: Fasted serum samples were collected from 10 young healthy males (23.4 ± 1.7 years) before and after a 3-month supplementation of fish-oil containing 2.0g EPA and 1.0g DHA. Samples were analyzed to investigate changes in FA profiles, bioclinical parameters (e.g. triglyceride and hs-CRP), and a panel of 26 eicosanoids. Paired t-tests were used to evaluate changes between the time points. RESULTS: Serum triglycerides decreased (P=0.0006) while the proportion of HDL-c (relative to total cholesterol) increased significantly (P=0.0495) after fish oil supplementation. Specific monounsaturated and polyunsaturated FA levels were changed following supplementation, including reductions in palmitoleic and oleic acid, and, as expected, increases in EPA and DHA. We also observed increases in eicosanoids, namely prostaglandin-F2α (P<0.0001) and thromboxane-B2 (P=0.0296), after fish oil supplementation. CONCLUSIONS: A 3-month fish oil supplementation in young healthy men improved circulating triglyceride levels and the HDL-c ratio while, concomitantly, increasing the concentrations of two eicosanoids (prostaglandin-F2α and thromboxane-B2). This suggests that fish oil supplementation does have significant benefits in young healthy adults and that specific omega-6-derived eicosanoids can help to further our understanding regarding the beneficial link between omega-3 FA and inflammation. SN - 1532-8600 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23522836/Fish_oil_supplementation_alters_circulating_eicosanoid_concentrations_in_young_healthy_men_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0026-0495(13)00051-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -