Congenital macroglossia treated by 2-stage partial glossectomy.J Craniofac Surg. 2013 Mar; 24(2):554-6.JC
Persistent macroglossia affects speech, swallowing, and the dentofacial skeleton. A range of tongue reduction methods have been proposed to preserve the mobility and sensation of the tongue. However, recent reports have shown that speech or esthetic problems still exists, even after a comprehensive glossectomy in early childhood. Because a large volume reduction of the anterior tongue in young growing children might result in a short tongue tip with functional difficulties, it is important to select the appropriate tongue reduction method considering the growth of the tongue.In the current report, a staged tongue reduction was planned to minimize the functional and esthetic problems after surgery. A 3-year-old girl visited our clinic because of congenital macroglossia, phonation problems, and prognathic appearance of the mandible. The tongue was first reduced by a central glossectomy. The speech intelligibility, tongue movement, and skeletal growth pattern were improved after the first surgery. The secondary peripheral tongue reduction was performed 6 years later to achieve an esthetically pleasing tongue appearance.This 2-stage partial glossectomy, central tongue reduction first followed later by a peripheral tongue reduction, ensures functional integrity of the tongue and can provide an esthetically pleasing result in growing children. The results demonstrated that this strategic combination of a staged tongue reduction can be a successful treatment option for macroglossia.