H₃PW₁₂O₄₀/TiO₂ catalyst-induced photodegradation of bisphenol A (BPA): kinetics, toxicity and degradation pathways.Chemosphere. 2013 May; 91(9):1266-72.C
A series of experiments were conducted to investigate the kinetics of bisphenol A (2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane, BPA) degradation using H₃PW₁₂O₄₀/TiO₂ (PW₁₂/TiO₂) composite catalyst, toxicity of BPA intermediate products and degradation pathways. The results showed that the BPA photodegradation using PW₁₂/TiO₂ catalyst followed the first-order kinetics, and under the optimal experimental conditions at H₃PW₁₂O₄₀ loading amount of 6.3%, BPA initial concentration of 5 mg L(-1), and the solution pH of 8.2, the kinetic constant was 3.7-fold larger than that of pristine TiO₂. The hydroxyl radicals derived from the electroreduction of dissolved oxygen with electrons via chain reactions was the main reactive oxygen species. According to the identified intermediates, 4-isopropanolphenol, hydroquinone, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, and phenol, the possible BPA photodegradation pathways were proposed. Upon 12h irradiation, 77% BPA (20 mg L(-1)) was mineralized and the toxicity to Daphnia magna (D. magna) was almost disappeared, implying the strong oxidation ability of PW₁₂/TiO₂ catalyst. The studies provide important information about the BPA degradation and promote the technical development for BPA removal.