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Observations of working postures in garages using the Ovako Working posture Analysing System (OWAS) and consequent workload reduction recommendations.
Ergonomics. 1990 Feb; 33(2):209-20.E

Abstract

The working postures of mechanics (n = 84) in 42 garages were observed using the Ovako Working posture Analysis System (OWAS). During observation, both working postures and work activities were recorded. A computer program was developed for the data analyses. Using this program it is possible to calculate the working posture load for each work activity and the contribution of a specific activity to the total working posture load. This is a substantial extension of the original OWAS method. Five out of 19 observed postures of the body members were classified as Action Category 2, which suggests they were slightly harmful to the musculoskeletal system and likely to cause discomfort. Of the so-called typical working postures, 31.9% was classified in Action Category 2, suggesting that during a substantial part of the working day typical working postures occur which are at least slightly harmful to the musculoskeletal system. Moreover, those work activities principally causing the workload to fall in OWAS' higher Action Categories were identified. For each of these three work activities an alternative work method was observed. The data show that in all three work activities the use of a vehicle lift reduces the number of poor working postures thereby reducing the load on the musculoskeletal system.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Occupational Medicine, State University of Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2354698

Citation

Kant, I, et al. "Observations of Working Postures in Garages Using the Ovako Working Posture Analysing System (OWAS) and Consequent Workload Reduction Recommendations." Ergonomics, vol. 33, no. 2, 1990, pp. 209-20.
Kant I, Notermans JH, Borm PJ. Observations of working postures in garages using the Ovako Working posture Analysing System (OWAS) and consequent workload reduction recommendations. Ergonomics. 1990;33(2):209-20.
Kant, I., Notermans, J. H., & Borm, P. J. (1990). Observations of working postures in garages using the Ovako Working posture Analysing System (OWAS) and consequent workload reduction recommendations. Ergonomics, 33(2), 209-20.
Kant I, Notermans JH, Borm PJ. Observations of Working Postures in Garages Using the Ovako Working Posture Analysing System (OWAS) and Consequent Workload Reduction Recommendations. Ergonomics. 1990;33(2):209-20. PubMed PMID: 2354698.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Observations of working postures in garages using the Ovako Working posture Analysing System (OWAS) and consequent workload reduction recommendations. AU - Kant,I, AU - Notermans,J H, AU - Borm,P J, PY - 1990/2/1/pubmed PY - 1990/2/1/medline PY - 1990/2/1/entrez SP - 209 EP - 20 JF - Ergonomics JO - Ergonomics VL - 33 IS - 2 N2 - The working postures of mechanics (n = 84) in 42 garages were observed using the Ovako Working posture Analysis System (OWAS). During observation, both working postures and work activities were recorded. A computer program was developed for the data analyses. Using this program it is possible to calculate the working posture load for each work activity and the contribution of a specific activity to the total working posture load. This is a substantial extension of the original OWAS method. Five out of 19 observed postures of the body members were classified as Action Category 2, which suggests they were slightly harmful to the musculoskeletal system and likely to cause discomfort. Of the so-called typical working postures, 31.9% was classified in Action Category 2, suggesting that during a substantial part of the working day typical working postures occur which are at least slightly harmful to the musculoskeletal system. Moreover, those work activities principally causing the workload to fall in OWAS' higher Action Categories were identified. For each of these three work activities an alternative work method was observed. The data show that in all three work activities the use of a vehicle lift reduces the number of poor working postures thereby reducing the load on the musculoskeletal system. SN - 0014-0139 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2354698/Observations_of_working_postures_in_garages_using_the_Ovako_Working_posture_Analysing_System__OWAS__and_consequent_workload_reduction_recommendations_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00140139008927111 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -