Osthole ameliorates renal ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting inflammatory response.Urol Int. 2013; 91(3):350-6.UI
Renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a primary cause of acute renal failure that results in high mortality. This study aimed to investigate the effect of osthole, a natural coumarin derivative, on renal I/R injury in a rat model.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Rats were randomly allocated to the sham operation + vehicle, I/R + vehicle, and I/R + osthole groups. Renal I/R injury was induced by clamping the left renal artery for 45 min followed by 12 h of reperfusion and a contralateral nephrectomy. Osthole (40 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally injected 30 min before inducing I/R. Renal function and histological damage were determined subsequently. Myeloperoxidase activity, monocyte/macrophage infiltration, as well as tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-1β, and activated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase expression in kidneys were also assessed.
Osthole treatment significantly ameliorated I/R-induced renal functional and morphological injuries. Moreover, osthole treatment attenuated myeloperoxidase activity, monocyte/macrophage infiltration, and tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-1β, and activated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase expression in kidneys.
Osthole treatment ameliorates renal I/R injury by inhibiting inflammatory responses in kidneys. Thus, osthole may represent a novel practical strategy to prevent renal I/R injury.