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The sleeper effect of intimate partner violence exposure: long-term consequences on young children's aggressive behavior.
J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2013 Sep; 54(9):986-95.JC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Children who have been exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) experience a wide variety of short-term social adjustment and emotional difficulties, including externalizing behavioral problems such as aggression. While children are affected by IPV at all ages, little is known about the long-term consequences of IPV exposure at younger ages. Because early experiences provide the foundation for later development, children exposed to IPV as an infant or toddler may experience worse negative outcomes over time than children never exposed.

METHODS

Using the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW), latent growth curve modeling was conducted to examine whether early IPV exposure occurring between birth and age three (n = 107), compared with no exposure (n = 339), affects the development of aggressive behavior over 5 years. This modeling allowed for empirical exploration of developmental trajectories, and considered whether initial social development trajectories and change over time vary according to early IPV exposure.

RESULTS

Children who were exposed to more frequent early IPV did not have significantly different aggressive behavior problems initially than children who were never exposed. However, over time, the more frequently children were exposed between birth and 3 years, the more aggressive behavior problems were exhibited by age eight.

CONCLUSIONS

Results indicate a long-term negative behavioral effect on children who have been exposed to IPV at an early age. An initial assessment directly following exposure to IPV may not be able to identify behavior problems in young children. Because the negative effects of early IPV exposure are delayed until the child is of school age, early intervention is necessary for reducing the risk of later aggressive behavior.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA. mholmes@case.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23550816

Citation

Holmes, Megan R.. "The Sleeper Effect of Intimate Partner Violence Exposure: Long-term Consequences On Young Children's Aggressive Behavior." Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, vol. 54, no. 9, 2013, pp. 986-95.
Holmes MR. The sleeper effect of intimate partner violence exposure: long-term consequences on young children's aggressive behavior. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2013;54(9):986-95.
Holmes, M. R. (2013). The sleeper effect of intimate partner violence exposure: long-term consequences on young children's aggressive behavior. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 54(9), 986-95. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12071
Holmes MR. The Sleeper Effect of Intimate Partner Violence Exposure: Long-term Consequences On Young Children's Aggressive Behavior. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2013;54(9):986-95. PubMed PMID: 23550816.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The sleeper effect of intimate partner violence exposure: long-term consequences on young children's aggressive behavior. A1 - Holmes,Megan R, Y1 - 2013/03/29/ PY - 2013/02/21/accepted PY - 2013/4/5/entrez PY - 2013/4/5/pubmed PY - 2014/4/15/medline KW - Intimate partner violence exposure KW - aggression KW - latent growth curve modeling KW - longitudinal SP - 986 EP - 95 JF - Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines JO - J Child Psychol Psychiatry VL - 54 IS - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: Children who have been exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) experience a wide variety of short-term social adjustment and emotional difficulties, including externalizing behavioral problems such as aggression. While children are affected by IPV at all ages, little is known about the long-term consequences of IPV exposure at younger ages. Because early experiences provide the foundation for later development, children exposed to IPV as an infant or toddler may experience worse negative outcomes over time than children never exposed. METHODS: Using the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW), latent growth curve modeling was conducted to examine whether early IPV exposure occurring between birth and age three (n = 107), compared with no exposure (n = 339), affects the development of aggressive behavior over 5 years. This modeling allowed for empirical exploration of developmental trajectories, and considered whether initial social development trajectories and change over time vary according to early IPV exposure. RESULTS: Children who were exposed to more frequent early IPV did not have significantly different aggressive behavior problems initially than children who were never exposed. However, over time, the more frequently children were exposed between birth and 3 years, the more aggressive behavior problems were exhibited by age eight. CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate a long-term negative behavioral effect on children who have been exposed to IPV at an early age. An initial assessment directly following exposure to IPV may not be able to identify behavior problems in young children. Because the negative effects of early IPV exposure are delayed until the child is of school age, early intervention is necessary for reducing the risk of later aggressive behavior. SN - 1469-7610 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23550816/The_sleeper_effect_of_intimate_partner_violence_exposure:_long_term_consequences_on_young_children's_aggressive_behavior_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12071 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -