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School lunches v. packed lunches: a comparison of secondary schools in England following the introduction of compulsory school food standards.
Public Health Nutr. 2013 Jun; 16(6):1037-42.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To compare food choices and nutrient intakes of pupils taking a school lunch or a packed lunch in eighty secondary schools in England, following the introduction of the food-based and nutrient-based standards for school food.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional data collected between October 2010 and April 2011. Pupils' lunchtime food choices were recorded over five consecutive days.

SETTING

Secondary schools, England.

SUBJECTS

A random selection of 5925 pupils having school lunches and 1805 pupils having a packed lunch in a nationally representative sample of eighty secondary schools in England.

RESULTS

The differences in the specific types of food and drink consumed by the two groups of pupils are typical of differences between a hot and cold meal. On average, school lunches as eaten contained significantly more energy, carbohydrate, protein, fibre, vitamin A, folate, Fe and Zn than packed lunches, and 8 % less Na.

CONCLUSIONS

Although neither school lunches nor packed lunches provided the balance of nutrients required to meet the nutrient-based standards (based on about one-third of daily energy and nutrient requirements), school lunches generally had a healthier nutrient profile, with lower Na and percentage of energy from fat, and higher fibre and micronutrient content. These differences were greater than those reported prior to the introduction of compulsory standards for school lunches. In order to ensure more pupils have a healthy lunch, schools could introduce and enforce a packed lunch policy or make school meals the only option at lunchtime.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Children's Food Trust, 1 East Parade, Sheffield S1 2ET, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23578700

Citation

Stevens, Lesley, et al. "School Lunches V. Packed Lunches: a Comparison of Secondary Schools in England Following the Introduction of Compulsory School Food Standards." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 16, no. 6, 2013, pp. 1037-42.
Stevens L, Nicholas J, Wood L, et al. School lunches v. packed lunches: a comparison of secondary schools in England following the introduction of compulsory school food standards. Public Health Nutr. 2013;16(6):1037-42.
Stevens, L., Nicholas, J., Wood, L., & Nelson, M. (2013). School lunches v. packed lunches: a comparison of secondary schools in England following the introduction of compulsory school food standards. Public Health Nutrition, 16(6), 1037-42. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980013000852
Stevens L, et al. School Lunches V. Packed Lunches: a Comparison of Secondary Schools in England Following the Introduction of Compulsory School Food Standards. Public Health Nutr. 2013;16(6):1037-42. PubMed PMID: 23578700.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - School lunches v. packed lunches: a comparison of secondary schools in England following the introduction of compulsory school food standards. AU - Stevens,Lesley, AU - Nicholas,Jo, AU - Wood,Lesley, AU - Nelson,Michael, Y1 - 2013/04/11/ PY - 2013/4/13/entrez PY - 2013/4/13/pubmed PY - 2013/12/18/medline SP - 1037 EP - 42 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 16 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To compare food choices and nutrient intakes of pupils taking a school lunch or a packed lunch in eighty secondary schools in England, following the introduction of the food-based and nutrient-based standards for school food. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data collected between October 2010 and April 2011. Pupils' lunchtime food choices were recorded over five consecutive days. SETTING: Secondary schools, England. SUBJECTS: A random selection of 5925 pupils having school lunches and 1805 pupils having a packed lunch in a nationally representative sample of eighty secondary schools in England. RESULTS: The differences in the specific types of food and drink consumed by the two groups of pupils are typical of differences between a hot and cold meal. On average, school lunches as eaten contained significantly more energy, carbohydrate, protein, fibre, vitamin A, folate, Fe and Zn than packed lunches, and 8 % less Na. CONCLUSIONS: Although neither school lunches nor packed lunches provided the balance of nutrients required to meet the nutrient-based standards (based on about one-third of daily energy and nutrient requirements), school lunches generally had a healthier nutrient profile, with lower Na and percentage of energy from fat, and higher fibre and micronutrient content. These differences were greater than those reported prior to the introduction of compulsory standards for school lunches. In order to ensure more pupils have a healthy lunch, schools could introduce and enforce a packed lunch policy or make school meals the only option at lunchtime. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23578700/School_lunches_v__packed_lunches:_a_comparison_of_secondary_schools_in_England_following_the_introduction_of_compulsory_school_food_standards_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980013000852/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -