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Increased survival of cirrhotic patients with septic shock.
Crit Care. 2013 Apr 19; 17(2):R78.CC

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

The overall outcome of septic shock has been recently improved. We sought to determine whether this survival gain extends to the high-risk subgroup of patients with cirrhosis.

METHODS

Cirrhotic patients with septic shock admitted to a medical intensive care unit (ICU) during two consecutive periods (1997-2004 and 2005-2010) were retrospectively studied.

RESULTS

Forty-seven and 42 cirrhotic patients presented with septic shock in 1997-2004 and 2005-2010, respectively. The recent period differed from the previous one by implementation of adjuvant treatments of septic shock including albumin infusion as fluid volume therapy, low-dose glucocorticoids, and intensive insulin therapy. ICU and hospital survival markedly improved over time (40% in 2005-2010 vs. 17% in 1997-2004, P = 0.02 and 29% in 2005-2010 vs. 6% in 1997-2004, P = 0.009, respectively). Furthermore, this survival gain in the latter period was sustained for 6 months (survival rate 24% in 2005-2010 vs. 6% in 1997-2004, P = 0.06). After adjustment with age, the liver disease stage (Child-Pugh score), and the critical illness severity score (SOFA score), ICU admission between 2005 and 2010 remained an independent favorable prognostic factor (odds ratio (OR) 0.09, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.02-0.4, P = 0.004). The stage of the underlying liver disease was also independently associated with hospital mortality (Child-Pugh score: OR 1.42 per point, 95% CI 1.06-1.9, P = 0.018).

CONCLUSIONS

In the light of advances in management of both cirrhosis and septic shock, survival of such patients substantially increased over recent years. The stage of the underlying liver disease and the related therapeutic options should be included in the decision-making process for ICU admission.

Authors

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Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23601847

Citation

Sauneuf, Bertrand, et al. "Increased Survival of Cirrhotic Patients With Septic Shock." Critical Care (London, England), vol. 17, no. 2, 2013, pp. R78.
Sauneuf B, Champigneulle B, Soummer A, et al. Increased survival of cirrhotic patients with septic shock. Crit Care. 2013;17(2):R78.
Sauneuf, B., Champigneulle, B., Soummer, A., Mongardon, N., Charpentier, J., Cariou, A., Chiche, J. D., Mallet, V., Mira, J. P., & Pène, F. (2013). Increased survival of cirrhotic patients with septic shock. Critical Care (London, England), 17(2), R78. https://doi.org/10.1186/cc12687
Sauneuf B, et al. Increased Survival of Cirrhotic Patients With Septic Shock. Crit Care. 2013 Apr 19;17(2):R78. PubMed PMID: 23601847.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Increased survival of cirrhotic patients with septic shock. AU - Sauneuf,Bertrand, AU - Champigneulle,Benoit, AU - Soummer,Alexis, AU - Mongardon,Nicolas, AU - Charpentier,Julien, AU - Cariou,Alain, AU - Chiche,Jean-Daniel, AU - Mallet,Vincent, AU - Mira,Jean-Paul, AU - Pène,Frédéric, Y1 - 2013/04/19/ PY - 2012/11/04/received PY - 2013/04/19/accepted PY - 2013/4/23/entrez PY - 2013/4/23/pubmed PY - 2015/4/22/medline SP - R78 EP - R78 JF - Critical care (London, England) JO - Crit Care VL - 17 IS - 2 N2 - INTRODUCTION: The overall outcome of septic shock has been recently improved. We sought to determine whether this survival gain extends to the high-risk subgroup of patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: Cirrhotic patients with septic shock admitted to a medical intensive care unit (ICU) during two consecutive periods (1997-2004 and 2005-2010) were retrospectively studied. RESULTS: Forty-seven and 42 cirrhotic patients presented with septic shock in 1997-2004 and 2005-2010, respectively. The recent period differed from the previous one by implementation of adjuvant treatments of septic shock including albumin infusion as fluid volume therapy, low-dose glucocorticoids, and intensive insulin therapy. ICU and hospital survival markedly improved over time (40% in 2005-2010 vs. 17% in 1997-2004, P = 0.02 and 29% in 2005-2010 vs. 6% in 1997-2004, P = 0.009, respectively). Furthermore, this survival gain in the latter period was sustained for 6 months (survival rate 24% in 2005-2010 vs. 6% in 1997-2004, P = 0.06). After adjustment with age, the liver disease stage (Child-Pugh score), and the critical illness severity score (SOFA score), ICU admission between 2005 and 2010 remained an independent favorable prognostic factor (odds ratio (OR) 0.09, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.02-0.4, P = 0.004). The stage of the underlying liver disease was also independently associated with hospital mortality (Child-Pugh score: OR 1.42 per point, 95% CI 1.06-1.9, P = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: In the light of advances in management of both cirrhosis and septic shock, survival of such patients substantially increased over recent years. The stage of the underlying liver disease and the related therapeutic options should be included in the decision-making process for ICU admission. SN - 1466-609X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23601847/Increased_survival_of_cirrhotic_patients_with_septic_shock_ L2 - https://ccforum.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/cc12687 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -