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Higher glycemic load diet is associated with poorer nutrient intake in women with gestational diabetes mellitus.
Nutr Res. 2013 Apr; 33(4):259-65.NR

Abstract

Changes in the quality and quantity of carbohydrate foods may compromise nutrient intake in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We hypothesized that glycemic index, glycemic load (GL), carbohydrate intake, grains, and cereal product consumption would be associated with nutrient adequacy. Eighty-two women with GDM (61% of Asian background, 34% whites) completed a 3-day food record following their routine group nutrition education session. Nutrient intakes were compared to Nutrient Reference Values (NRV) for Australia and New Zealand. Nutrient intake across energy-adjusted tertiles of glycemic index, GL, carbohydrate intake, and intake of grains and cereal products were assessed. The majority of women (66%-99%) did not meet the NRV for fiber, folate, vitamin D, iodine, and iron, and exceeded NRV for saturated fat and sodium. Higher dietary GL was associated with lower intakes of total, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fat; vitamin E; and potassium (all P < .001). Higher grain intake was not significantly associated with intake of any micronutrients. In Australian women with GDM, high dietary GL predicts greater risk of poor nutrition.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Molecular Bioscience and Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. jlouie@uow.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23602242

Citation

Louie, Jimmy Chun Yu, et al. "Higher Glycemic Load Diet Is Associated With Poorer Nutrient Intake in Women With Gestational Diabetes Mellitus." Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.), vol. 33, no. 4, 2013, pp. 259-65.
Louie JC, Markovic TP, Ross GP, et al. Higher glycemic load diet is associated with poorer nutrient intake in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Nutr Res. 2013;33(4):259-65.
Louie, J. C., Markovic, T. P., Ross, G. P., Foote, D., & Brand-Miller, J. C. (2013). Higher glycemic load diet is associated with poorer nutrient intake in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.), 33(4), 259-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2013.02.008
Louie JC, et al. Higher Glycemic Load Diet Is Associated With Poorer Nutrient Intake in Women With Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Nutr Res. 2013;33(4):259-65. PubMed PMID: 23602242.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Higher glycemic load diet is associated with poorer nutrient intake in women with gestational diabetes mellitus. AU - Louie,Jimmy Chun Yu, AU - Markovic,Tania P, AU - Ross,Glynis P, AU - Foote,Deborah, AU - Brand-Miller,Jennie C, Y1 - 2013/03/26/ PY - 2012/06/14/received PY - 2013/02/11/revised PY - 2013/02/19/accepted PY - 2013/4/23/entrez PY - 2013/4/23/pubmed PY - 2014/1/1/medline SP - 259 EP - 65 JF - Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.) JO - Nutr Res VL - 33 IS - 4 N2 - Changes in the quality and quantity of carbohydrate foods may compromise nutrient intake in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). We hypothesized that glycemic index, glycemic load (GL), carbohydrate intake, grains, and cereal product consumption would be associated with nutrient adequacy. Eighty-two women with GDM (61% of Asian background, 34% whites) completed a 3-day food record following their routine group nutrition education session. Nutrient intakes were compared to Nutrient Reference Values (NRV) for Australia and New Zealand. Nutrient intake across energy-adjusted tertiles of glycemic index, GL, carbohydrate intake, and intake of grains and cereal products were assessed. The majority of women (66%-99%) did not meet the NRV for fiber, folate, vitamin D, iodine, and iron, and exceeded NRV for saturated fat and sodium. Higher dietary GL was associated with lower intakes of total, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fat; vitamin E; and potassium (all P < .001). Higher grain intake was not significantly associated with intake of any micronutrients. In Australian women with GDM, high dietary GL predicts greater risk of poor nutrition. SN - 1879-0739 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23602242/Higher_glycemic_load_diet_is_associated_with_poorer_nutrient_intake_in_women_with_gestational_diabetes_mellitus_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -