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Psychiatric and addictive symptoms of young adult female indoor tanners.
Am J Health Promot 2014 Jan-Feb; 28(3):168-74AJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

Indoor tanning (IT) increases risk for melanoma and is particularly common among young adult women. IT has also been linked with some psychiatric symptoms, and frequent tanning may indicate tanning dependence (addiction) associated with endorphin release during ultraviolet radiation exposure. The objective of the current study was to investigate associations between IT, tanning dependence, and psychiatric and substance use symptoms in young adult women.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional survey and psychiatric interview.

SETTING

Online, except for the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), which was completed over the telephone.

SUBJECTS

Participants were 306 female university students aged 18 to 25 years.

MEASURES

MINI, Seasonal Scale Index, tanning dependence scales, reporting ever having used a tanning bed or booth with tanning lamps (single item), reporting smoking a cigarette in the last 30 days (single item).

ANALYSIS

Descriptive statistics, χ(2) analysis, multivariate logistic regression.

RESULTS

Forty-six percent of the sample reported a history of IT, and 25% were classified as tanning dependent. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that IT was significantly associated with symptoms of alcohol use disorders, generalized anxiety, and not having social anxiety. Tanning dependence was associated with symptoms of alcohol use disorders.

CONCLUSION

Tanning is of concern not only for its association with skin cancer but for its association with psychiatric and substance use symptoms. Young women with certain psychological problems may seek relief from their symptoms by IT. These findings suggest that indoor tanners may benefit from health behavior and other psychosocial interventions.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23621780

Citation

Heckman, Carolyn J., et al. "Psychiatric and Addictive Symptoms of Young Adult Female Indoor Tanners." American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP, vol. 28, no. 3, 2014, pp. 168-74.
Heckman CJ, Cohen-Filipic J, Darlow S, et al. Psychiatric and addictive symptoms of young adult female indoor tanners. Am J Health Promot. 2014;28(3):168-74.
Heckman, C. J., Cohen-Filipic, J., Darlow, S., Kloss, J. D., Manne, S. L., & Munshi, T. (2014). Psychiatric and addictive symptoms of young adult female indoor tanners. American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP, 28(3), pp. 168-74. doi:10.4278/ajhp.120912-QUAN-442.
Heckman CJ, et al. Psychiatric and Addictive Symptoms of Young Adult Female Indoor Tanners. Am J Health Promot. 2014;28(3):168-74. PubMed PMID: 23621780.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychiatric and addictive symptoms of young adult female indoor tanners. AU - Heckman,Carolyn J, AU - Cohen-Filipic,Jessye, AU - Darlow,Susan, AU - Kloss,Jacqueline D, AU - Manne,Sharon L, AU - Munshi,Teja, Y1 - 2013/04/26/ PY - 2013/4/30/entrez PY - 2013/4/30/pubmed PY - 2015/4/22/medline SP - 168 EP - 74 JF - American journal of health promotion : AJHP JO - Am J Health Promot VL - 28 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE: Indoor tanning (IT) increases risk for melanoma and is particularly common among young adult women. IT has also been linked with some psychiatric symptoms, and frequent tanning may indicate tanning dependence (addiction) associated with endorphin release during ultraviolet radiation exposure. The objective of the current study was to investigate associations between IT, tanning dependence, and psychiatric and substance use symptoms in young adult women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey and psychiatric interview. SETTING: Online, except for the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), which was completed over the telephone. SUBJECTS: Participants were 306 female university students aged 18 to 25 years. MEASURES: MINI, Seasonal Scale Index, tanning dependence scales, reporting ever having used a tanning bed or booth with tanning lamps (single item), reporting smoking a cigarette in the last 30 days (single item). ANALYSIS: Descriptive statistics, χ(2) analysis, multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Forty-six percent of the sample reported a history of IT, and 25% were classified as tanning dependent. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that IT was significantly associated with symptoms of alcohol use disorders, generalized anxiety, and not having social anxiety. Tanning dependence was associated with symptoms of alcohol use disorders. CONCLUSION: Tanning is of concern not only for its association with skin cancer but for its association with psychiatric and substance use symptoms. Young women with certain psychological problems may seek relief from their symptoms by IT. These findings suggest that indoor tanners may benefit from health behavior and other psychosocial interventions. SN - 2168-6602 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23621780/Psychiatric_and_addictive_symptoms_of_young_adult_female_indoor_tanners_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.4278/ajhp.120912-QUAN-442?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -