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Validity of 24-h recalls in (pre-)school aged children: comparison of proxy-reported energy intakes with measured energy expenditure.
Clin Nutr. 2014 Feb; 33(1):79-84.CN

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS

Little is known about the validity of repeated 24-h dietary recalls (24-HDR) as a measure of total energy intake (EI) in young children. This study aimed to evaluate the validity of proxy-reported EI by comparison with total energy expenditure (TEE) measured by the doubly labeled water (DLW) technique.

METHODS

The agreement between EI and TEE was investigated in 36 (47.2% boys) children aged 4-10 years from Belgium and Spain using subgroup analyses and Bland-Altman plots. Low-energy-reporters (LER), adequate-energy-reporters (AER) and high-energy-reporters (HER) were defined from the ratio of EI over TEE by application of age- and sex-specific cut-off values.

RESULTS

There was good agreement between means of EI (1500 kcal/day) and TEE (1523 kcal/day) at group level though in single children, i.e. at the individual level, large differences were observed. Almost perfect agreement between EI and TEE was observed in thin/normal weight children (EI: 1511 kcal/day; TEE: 1513 kcal/day). Even in overweight/obese children the mean difference between EI and TEE was only -86 kcal/day. Among the participants, 28 (78%) were classified as AER, five (14%) as HER and three (8%) as LER.

CONCLUSION

Two proxy-reported 24-HDRs were found to be a valid instrument to assess EI on group level but not on the individual level.

Authors+Show Affiliations

BIPS - Institute for Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Bremen, Germany.GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.BIPS - Institute for Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Bremen, Germany.Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Dietary Exposure Assessment Groups, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; University College Ghent, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Care "Vesalius", Ghent, Belgium.GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.Department of Human Biology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands.BIPS - Institute for Epidemiology and Prevention Research, Bremen, Germany; Institute for Public Health and Nursing Research, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.Department of Preventive and Predictive Medicine, Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, Fondazione IRCSS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy.BioTel Ltd. Clifton, Clifton, Bristol, United Kingdom.Department of Preventive and Predictive Medicine, Nutritional Epidemiology Unit, Fondazione IRCSS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy.GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain. Electronic address: lmoreno@unizar.es.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Validation Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23622780

Citation

Börnhorst, C, et al. "Validity of 24-h Recalls in (pre-)school Aged Children: Comparison of Proxy-reported Energy Intakes With Measured Energy Expenditure." Clinical Nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), vol. 33, no. 1, 2014, pp. 79-84.
Börnhorst C, Bel-Serrat S, Pigeot I, et al. Validity of 24-h recalls in (pre-)school aged children: comparison of proxy-reported energy intakes with measured energy expenditure. Clin Nutr. 2014;33(1):79-84.
Börnhorst, C., Bel-Serrat, S., Pigeot, I., Huybrechts, I., Ottavaere, C., Sioen, I., De Henauw, S., Mouratidou, T., Mesana, M. I., Westerterp, K., Bammann, K., Lissner, L., Eiben, G., Pala, V., Rayson, M., Krogh, V., & Moreno, L. A. (2014). Validity of 24-h recalls in (pre-)school aged children: comparison of proxy-reported energy intakes with measured energy expenditure. Clinical Nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland), 33(1), 79-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2013.03.018
Börnhorst C, et al. Validity of 24-h Recalls in (pre-)school Aged Children: Comparison of Proxy-reported Energy Intakes With Measured Energy Expenditure. Clin Nutr. 2014;33(1):79-84. PubMed PMID: 23622780.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Validity of 24-h recalls in (pre-)school aged children: comparison of proxy-reported energy intakes with measured energy expenditure. AU - Börnhorst,C, AU - Bel-Serrat,S, AU - Pigeot,I, AU - Huybrechts,I, AU - Ottavaere,C, AU - Sioen,I, AU - De Henauw,S, AU - Mouratidou,T, AU - Mesana,M I, AU - Westerterp,K, AU - Bammann,K, AU - Lissner,L, AU - Eiben,G, AU - Pala,V, AU - Rayson,M, AU - Krogh,V, AU - Moreno,L A, AU - ,, Y1 - 2013/04/06/ PY - 2012/07/26/received PY - 2013/03/21/revised PY - 2013/03/24/accepted PY - 2013/4/30/entrez PY - 2013/4/30/pubmed PY - 2014/9/12/medline KW - 24-HDR KW - 24-h dietary recall KW - AER KW - Child KW - DLW KW - Doubly labeled water KW - EI KW - Energy expenditure KW - Energy intake KW - HER KW - LER KW - TEE KW - adequate energy reporters KW - doubly labelled water KW - energy intake KW - high-energy-reporters KW - low-energy-reporters KW - total energy expenditure SP - 79 EP - 84 JF - Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland) JO - Clin Nutr VL - 33 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the validity of repeated 24-h dietary recalls (24-HDR) as a measure of total energy intake (EI) in young children. This study aimed to evaluate the validity of proxy-reported EI by comparison with total energy expenditure (TEE) measured by the doubly labeled water (DLW) technique. METHODS: The agreement between EI and TEE was investigated in 36 (47.2% boys) children aged 4-10 years from Belgium and Spain using subgroup analyses and Bland-Altman plots. Low-energy-reporters (LER), adequate-energy-reporters (AER) and high-energy-reporters (HER) were defined from the ratio of EI over TEE by application of age- and sex-specific cut-off values. RESULTS: There was good agreement between means of EI (1500 kcal/day) and TEE (1523 kcal/day) at group level though in single children, i.e. at the individual level, large differences were observed. Almost perfect agreement between EI and TEE was observed in thin/normal weight children (EI: 1511 kcal/day; TEE: 1513 kcal/day). Even in overweight/obese children the mean difference between EI and TEE was only -86 kcal/day. Among the participants, 28 (78%) were classified as AER, five (14%) as HER and three (8%) as LER. CONCLUSION: Two proxy-reported 24-HDRs were found to be a valid instrument to assess EI on group level but not on the individual level. SN - 1532-1983 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23622780/Validity_of_24_h_recalls_in__pre__school_aged_children:_comparison_of_proxy_reported_energy_intakes_with_measured_energy_expenditure_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0261-5614(13)00096-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -