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Parenting behavior and the risk of becoming a victim and a bully/victim: a meta-analysis study.
Child Abuse Negl. 2013 Dec; 37(12):1091-108.CA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Being bullied has adverse effects on children's health. Children's family experiences and parenting behavior before entering school help shape their capacity to adapt and cope at school and have an impact on children's peer relationship, hence it is important to identify how parenting styles and parent-child relationship are related to victimization in order to develop intervention programs to prevent or mitigate victimization in childhood and adolescence.

METHODS

We conducted a systematic review of the published literature on parenting behavior and peer victimization using MEDLINE, PsychINFO, Eric and EMBASE from 1970 through the end of December 2012. We included prospective cohort studies and cross-sectional studies that investigated the association between parenting behavior and peer victimization.

RESULTS

Both victims and those who both bully and are victims (bully/victims) were more likely to be exposed to negative parenting behavior including abuse and neglect and maladaptive parenting. The effects were generally small to moderate for victims (Hedge's g range: 0.10-0.31) but moderate for bully/victims (0.13-0.68). Positive parenting behavior including good communication of parents with the child, warm and affectionate relationship, parental involvement and support, and parental supervision were protective against peer victimization. The protective effects were generally small to moderate for both victims (Hedge's g: range: -0.12 to -0.22) and bully/victims (-0.17 to -0.42).

CONCLUSIONS

Negative parenting behavior is related to a moderate increase of risk for becoming a bully/victim and small to moderate effects on victim status at school. Intervention programs against bullying should extend their focus beyond schools to include families and start before children enter school.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK.Department of Psychology, Kingston University London, Kingston, Upon-Thames KT1 2EE, UK.Department of Psychology and Division of Mental Health and Wellbeing (Warwick Medical School), University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23623619

Citation

Lereya, Suzet Tanya, et al. "Parenting Behavior and the Risk of Becoming a Victim and a Bully/victim: a Meta-analysis Study." Child Abuse & Neglect, vol. 37, no. 12, 2013, pp. 1091-108.
Lereya ST, Samara M, Wolke D. Parenting behavior and the risk of becoming a victim and a bully/victim: a meta-analysis study. Child Abuse Negl. 2013;37(12):1091-108.
Lereya, S. T., Samara, M., & Wolke, D. (2013). Parenting behavior and the risk of becoming a victim and a bully/victim: a meta-analysis study. Child Abuse & Neglect, 37(12), 1091-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2013.03.001
Lereya ST, Samara M, Wolke D. Parenting Behavior and the Risk of Becoming a Victim and a Bully/victim: a Meta-analysis Study. Child Abuse Negl. 2013;37(12):1091-108. PubMed PMID: 23623619.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Parenting behavior and the risk of becoming a victim and a bully/victim: a meta-analysis study. AU - Lereya,Suzet Tanya, AU - Samara,Muthanna, AU - Wolke,Dieter, Y1 - 2013/04/25/ PY - 2012/07/26/received PY - 2013/03/01/revised PY - 2013/03/05/accepted PY - 2013/4/30/entrez PY - 2013/4/30/pubmed PY - 2015/4/7/medline KW - Bullying KW - Harsh parenting KW - Meta-analysis KW - Parenting behavior KW - Victimization SP - 1091 EP - 108 JF - Child abuse & neglect JO - Child Abuse Negl VL - 37 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Being bullied has adverse effects on children's health. Children's family experiences and parenting behavior before entering school help shape their capacity to adapt and cope at school and have an impact on children's peer relationship, hence it is important to identify how parenting styles and parent-child relationship are related to victimization in order to develop intervention programs to prevent or mitigate victimization in childhood and adolescence. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the published literature on parenting behavior and peer victimization using MEDLINE, PsychINFO, Eric and EMBASE from 1970 through the end of December 2012. We included prospective cohort studies and cross-sectional studies that investigated the association between parenting behavior and peer victimization. RESULTS: Both victims and those who both bully and are victims (bully/victims) were more likely to be exposed to negative parenting behavior including abuse and neglect and maladaptive parenting. The effects were generally small to moderate for victims (Hedge's g range: 0.10-0.31) but moderate for bully/victims (0.13-0.68). Positive parenting behavior including good communication of parents with the child, warm and affectionate relationship, parental involvement and support, and parental supervision were protective against peer victimization. The protective effects were generally small to moderate for both victims (Hedge's g: range: -0.12 to -0.22) and bully/victims (-0.17 to -0.42). CONCLUSIONS: Negative parenting behavior is related to a moderate increase of risk for becoming a bully/victim and small to moderate effects on victim status at school. Intervention programs against bullying should extend their focus beyond schools to include families and start before children enter school. SN - 1873-7757 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23623619/Parenting_behavior_and_the_risk_of_becoming_a_victim_and_a_bully/victim:_a_meta_analysis_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0145-2134(13)00073-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -