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Chronic bullying victimization across school transitions: the role of genetic and environmental influences.
Dev Psychopathol 2013; 25(2):333-46DP

Abstract

We investigated the antecedents and consequences of chronic victimization by bullies across a school transition using a genetically sensitive longitudinal design. Data were from the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study (E-Risk), an epidemiological cohort of 2,232 children. We used mothers' and children's reports of bullying victimization during primary school and early secondary school. Children who experienced frequent victimization at both time points were classed as "chronic victims" and were found to have an increased risk for mental health problems and academic difficulties compared to children who were bullied only in primary school, children bullied for the first time in secondary school, and never-bullied children. Biometric analyses revealed that stability in victimization over this period was influenced primarily by genetic and shared environmental factors. Regression analyses showed that children's early characteristics such as preexistent adjustment difficulties and IQ predicted chronic versus transitory victimization. Family risk factors for chronic victimization included socioeconomic disadvantage, low maternal warmth, and maltreatment. Our results suggest that bullying intervention programs should consider the role of the victims' behaviors and family background in increasing vulnerability to chronic victimization. Our study highlights the importance of widening antibullying interventions to include families to reduce the likelihood of children entering a pathway toward chronic victimization.

Authors+Show Affiliations

King's College London, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Twin Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23627948

Citation

Bowes, Lucy, et al. "Chronic Bullying Victimization Across School Transitions: the Role of Genetic and Environmental Influences." Development and Psychopathology, vol. 25, no. 2, 2013, pp. 333-46.
Bowes L, Maughan B, Ball H, et al. Chronic bullying victimization across school transitions: the role of genetic and environmental influences. Dev Psychopathol. 2013;25(2):333-46.
Bowes, L., Maughan, B., Ball, H., Shakoor, S., Ouellet-Morin, I., Caspi, A., ... Arseneault, L. (2013). Chronic bullying victimization across school transitions: the role of genetic and environmental influences. Development and Psychopathology, 25(2), pp. 333-46. doi:10.1017/S0954579412001095.
Bowes L, et al. Chronic Bullying Victimization Across School Transitions: the Role of Genetic and Environmental Influences. Dev Psychopathol. 2013;25(2):333-46. PubMed PMID: 23627948.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chronic bullying victimization across school transitions: the role of genetic and environmental influences. AU - Bowes,Lucy, AU - Maughan,Barbara, AU - Ball,Harriet, AU - Shakoor,Sania, AU - Ouellet-Morin,Isabelle, AU - Caspi,Avshalom, AU - Moffitt,Terrie E, AU - Arseneault,Louise, PY - 2013/5/1/entrez PY - 2013/5/1/pubmed PY - 2013/12/18/medline SP - 333 EP - 46 JF - Development and psychopathology JO - Dev. Psychopathol. VL - 25 IS - 2 N2 - We investigated the antecedents and consequences of chronic victimization by bullies across a school transition using a genetically sensitive longitudinal design. Data were from the Environmental Risk Longitudinal Twin Study (E-Risk), an epidemiological cohort of 2,232 children. We used mothers' and children's reports of bullying victimization during primary school and early secondary school. Children who experienced frequent victimization at both time points were classed as "chronic victims" and were found to have an increased risk for mental health problems and academic difficulties compared to children who were bullied only in primary school, children bullied for the first time in secondary school, and never-bullied children. Biometric analyses revealed that stability in victimization over this period was influenced primarily by genetic and shared environmental factors. Regression analyses showed that children's early characteristics such as preexistent adjustment difficulties and IQ predicted chronic versus transitory victimization. Family risk factors for chronic victimization included socioeconomic disadvantage, low maternal warmth, and maltreatment. Our results suggest that bullying intervention programs should consider the role of the victims' behaviors and family background in increasing vulnerability to chronic victimization. Our study highlights the importance of widening antibullying interventions to include families to reduce the likelihood of children entering a pathway toward chronic victimization. SN - 1469-2198 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23627948/Chronic_bullying_victimization_across_school_transitions:_the_role_of_genetic_and_environmental_influences_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0954579412001095/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -