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Provincialization of terrestrial faunas following the end-Permian mass extinction.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 May 14; 110(20):8129-33.PN

Abstract

In addition to their devastating effects on global biodiversity, mass extinctions have had a long-term influence on the history of life by eliminating dominant lineages that suppressed ecological change. Here, we test whether the end-Permian mass extinction (252.3 Ma) affected the distribution of tetrapod faunas within the southern hemisphere and apply quantitative methods to analyze four components of biogeographic structure: connectedness, clustering, range size, and endemism. For all four components, we detected increased provincialism between our Permian and Triassic datasets. In southern Pangea, a more homogeneous and broadly distributed fauna in the Late Permian (Wuchiapingian, ∼257 Ma) was replaced by a provincial and biogeographically fragmented fauna by Middle Triassic times (Anisian, ∼242 Ma). Importantly in the Triassic, lower latitude basins in Tanzania and Zambia included dinosaur predecessors and other archosaurs unknown elsewhere. The recognition of heterogeneous tetrapod communities in the Triassic implies that the end-Permian mass extinction afforded ecologically marginalized lineages the ecospace to diversify, and that biotic controls (i.e., evolutionary incumbency) were fundamentally reset. Archosaurs, which began diversifying in the Early Triassic, were likely beneficiaries of this ecological release and remained dominant for much of the later Mesozoic.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biology and Burke Museum, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. casidor@uw.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

23630295

Citation

Sidor, Christian A., et al. "Provincialization of Terrestrial Faunas Following the end-Permian Mass Extinction." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 110, no. 20, 2013, pp. 8129-33.
Sidor CA, Vilhena DA, Angielczyk KD, et al. Provincialization of terrestrial faunas following the end-Permian mass extinction. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2013;110(20):8129-33.
Sidor, C. A., Vilhena, D. A., Angielczyk, K. D., Huttenlocker, A. K., Nesbitt, S. J., Peecook, B. R., Steyer, J. S., Smith, R. M., & Tsuji, L. A. (2013). Provincialization of terrestrial faunas following the end-Permian mass extinction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(20), 8129-33. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1302323110
Sidor CA, et al. Provincialization of Terrestrial Faunas Following the end-Permian Mass Extinction. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2013 May 14;110(20):8129-33. PubMed PMID: 23630295.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Provincialization of terrestrial faunas following the end-Permian mass extinction. AU - Sidor,Christian A, AU - Vilhena,Daril A, AU - Angielczyk,Kenneth D, AU - Huttenlocker,Adam K, AU - Nesbitt,Sterling J, AU - Peecook,Brandon R, AU - Steyer,J Sébastien, AU - Smith,Roger M H, AU - Tsuji,Linda A, Y1 - 2013/04/29/ PY - 2013/5/1/entrez PY - 2013/5/1/pubmed PY - 2013/7/26/medline KW - biogeography KW - biotic recovery KW - complex networks KW - macroevolution KW - paleoecology SP - 8129 EP - 33 JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America JO - Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. VL - 110 IS - 20 N2 - In addition to their devastating effects on global biodiversity, mass extinctions have had a long-term influence on the history of life by eliminating dominant lineages that suppressed ecological change. Here, we test whether the end-Permian mass extinction (252.3 Ma) affected the distribution of tetrapod faunas within the southern hemisphere and apply quantitative methods to analyze four components of biogeographic structure: connectedness, clustering, range size, and endemism. For all four components, we detected increased provincialism between our Permian and Triassic datasets. In southern Pangea, a more homogeneous and broadly distributed fauna in the Late Permian (Wuchiapingian, ∼257 Ma) was replaced by a provincial and biogeographically fragmented fauna by Middle Triassic times (Anisian, ∼242 Ma). Importantly in the Triassic, lower latitude basins in Tanzania and Zambia included dinosaur predecessors and other archosaurs unknown elsewhere. The recognition of heterogeneous tetrapod communities in the Triassic implies that the end-Permian mass extinction afforded ecologically marginalized lineages the ecospace to diversify, and that biotic controls (i.e., evolutionary incumbency) were fundamentally reset. Archosaurs, which began diversifying in the Early Triassic, were likely beneficiaries of this ecological release and remained dominant for much of the later Mesozoic. SN - 1091-6490 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/23630295/Provincialization_of_terrestrial_faunas_following_the_end_Permian_mass_extinction_ L2 - http://www.pnas.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=23630295 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -