[The value of glycemic index and glycemic load from selected corn flakes eaten with milk].Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2012; 63(4):433-40.RP
Carbohydrates consumed with the daily diet are the cause of fluctuations in the concentrations of glucose in the blood, known as the glycemic effect. Glucose content in blood after eating any meal, and usually reaches its maximum after 20-30 min after ingestion of food and then gradually decreases to 1-2 hours to return to fasting levels. Knowing the GI along with information on their composition and nutrient content is important in terms of knowing the effect of carbohydrates on health.
The glycemic indexes (GI) and the calculate values of the glycemic loads (GL) of the corn flakes eaten with milk (nesquik chocolate balls, cheerios, muesli tropical, fitness chocolate, oatmeal and instant flakes, corn flakes) were investigated. The relationship between IG and sex was calculated and examined.
MATERIAL AND METHOD
67 young, healthy volunteers: 42 women and 25 men participated in the study. The average age of the participants was between 23.1 +/- 1.0 years, mean BMI- 22.4 +/- 3.1 kg/m2. Cereal with milk were given in 50 grams of digestible carbohydrates. The reference product was a solution in water (250 ml) containing 50 g glucose. In the morning, 7 times the blood was calleced - on an empty stomach and 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes after eating.
An average value GI and GL were calculated (for women and men), which were respectively: 48,6 and 25,5 - the milk soup with nesquik chocolate balls, 67,5 and 36,1 the milk soup with cheerios, 58,8 and 31,9 - the milk soup with muesli tropical, 66,7 and 34,9 - the milk soup with fitness chocolate, 42,5 and 23,4 - the milk soup with oatmeal flakes, 54,0 and 29,5 - the milk soup with oatmeal instant flakes, 54,4 i 27,9 - the milk soup with corn flakes.
The results allowed the meal for the meals of low and medium GI. Showed statistically significant correlation between the glycemic index and gender of respondents.